6 Things to Remember About a Senior Cat’s Needs

Thinking of adopting an older cat? Here are a few things to keep in mind to ensure your senior cat is on the right track for a healthy — and happy — lifestyle.

Hydration, playtime, and finances and just some things to consider when adopting a senior cat. Photography ©AJ_Watt | Getty Images.
Hydration, playtime, and finances and just some things to consider when adopting a senior cat. Photography ©AJ_Watt | Getty Images.

Adding an older cat to your household is something every cat adopter should consider. Making sure you’re on the right track to keeping him healthy for many years to come requires a little bit of gumption, but it’s totally worth it.

Consider these six points when adopting a senior or geriatric cat:

1. Consider your finances

An older cat sleeping or lying down.
Certain issues come with age so it is important to plan finances accordingly for possible vet visits. Photography © Ulianna / Thinkstock.

“With age comes certain issues you will have to consult your veterinarian about,” says Lilo Bornhardt, with the Alachua County Humane Society in Florida. A yearly vet checkup is recommended, even if the cat is healthy — getting a baseline for his normal biometric levels will help identify any issues early enough to fix them.

2. Remember that senior cats might need special diets

“Senior cats will most likely have special diets,” says Richard Havens, executive director of the City of Amarillo’s Animal Management & Welfare in Texas. “Consulting your veterinarian will determine the best food for your older cat.”

Recommendations like feeding canned or fresh cat food should be followed: canned, wet food is higher in moisture content and contains fewer calories (good for a less active, older cat). However, some older cats become underweight, so again, starting with an animal medical professional is crucial.

In addition to following your vet’s advice, check the label, make sure there’s a reliable (and pronounceable) protein source first and not a lot of additives or by-products. Premium cat food is one of the best ways to ensure longevity.

3. Senior cats may also need additional medication

“If you notice issues with mobility, consider a joint supplement like Cosequin,” says Lauren McCarron, founder of Joyful Pets Animal Rescue in Massachusetts. It is also reported that elderly cats can benefit from additional supplementary immune system boosters such as antioxidants and Omega-3.

Some veterinarians also recommend glucosamine/chondroitin supplements, so address your cat’s individual health needs with your cat’s doctor.

4. Properly hydrate your senior cat

“In addition to wet food, get your senior cat a water fountain, so they are more encouraged to drink,” Lauren says. Proper hydration minimizes the chances of kidney failure, one of the leading causes of death in older cats. Keeping his bowl filled with fresh, clean water will also help keep him hydrated.

5. Adjust your home accordingly

What’s your cat’s physical prowess level? For some older cats, high cat trees are no problem, but for some seniors getting into the litter box could cause discomfort. Make sure there are enough low rungs on his kitty condo, along with a ramp to safely get him out, to keep your senior sweetie active and healthy.

And there are many options for geriatric cats: from lower-sided litter boxes to low-lying cat scratchers to cat heating pads that will keep his joints warm in the winter to a cooling mat for the summer.

6. Don’t forget playtime for senior cats

Even though your senior cat may not be able to high vault after the feather toy, he’ll still enjoy the interaction. “I had a cat who lived to 27 years old, who still liked following a feather wand (when they are older, you don’t need to have them jump and run), but their instincts to hunt are still there and simply dragging a feather toy past them will engage them,” Lauren says.

Thumbnail: Photography ©AJ_Watt | Getty Images.

Denise LeBeau is an award-winning essayist, writer, editor and self-professed poet laureate of the pet set. For the last eight years, she has been a full-time writer for an animal welfare organization. She shares her Hampton Bays, New York, home with two rescued Siamese cats, Flipper and Slayer, and two rescued moocher mutts, Parker and Zephyrella. Connect with her on Facebook.

Editor’s note: This article appeared in Kittens, a special issue from Catster magazine. Look for Kittens on a newsstand near you! 

Read more about older cats on Catster.com:

10 thoughts on “6 Things to Remember About a Senior Cat’s Needs”

  1. The cry of pain and agony from a cut finger/broken arm is healed with a bandaid plaster cast and sling. But where is the cure for the blind pain suffered by an OCD victim when all the crying is done on the inside.- <a href="https://mmjdispensary.org/"> bigchief extracts</a>

  2. Is your senior cat yowling during the night? Could be because she can’t see as well as she used to and gets confused of where she is. Try plugging in a couple of night lights and see if it helps. That way she can see she’s in her familiar environment and there’s nothing for her to worry about.

  3. yes, totally agree senior cats require more attention. But they are the best companions one can get.
    My senior cat Whiskey is the best friend I could ever imagine.
    She is my whole world.

  4. Pingback: What Is the Average Lifespan of a Cat? – Cats Expert

  5. My ten year old male cat has begun to have involuntary jerking occasionly. This hbappens in most any part of his body but mostly in his legs. Is this something that I should be concerned about? Mm

  6. Marlene Deffenbaugh

    My ten year old male cat has begun to have involuntary jerking occasionly. This happens in most any part of his body but mostly in his legs. Is this something that I should be concerned about?

    1. Michaela Conlon

      Hi there Marlene,

      Thanks for reaching out! We suggest you contact your vet about this and bring him in if your vet believes there is a cause for concern.

  7. Ken dell acqua

    Just lost my senior cat 23 she was deaf did not know she was on the truck please look on the vehicles one leaving specially with senior cats I miss her so very much Lucy

  8. Yes, the senior cats require a special care & attention. The senior cats are prone to health & they become sensitive to food. A proper diet with suitable food should be provided for the ease of digestion. They need some more attention with the regular activeness with some exercises so they get the body to be fit.

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