You’re standing in line at the airport, waiting to check your luggage, and a well-dressed woman says to you, “I can see you have pets.” When this happened to me, I quickly looked over my clothes to make sure I wasn’t covered in cat hair. But she pointed to my canvas suitcase, which had a layer of cat hair to it.
Cat hair ends up on furniture, floors, our clothes, and inside and outside of our luggage. Cat hair also goes where we don’t expect it, because individual hairs can float in the air. Cats also can go where dogs can’t, so you’ll find it in more places — even surprising ones. I have found cat hair in my coffee cup, on the stove where my cats aren’t allowed, and even stuck to my lips after applying lip gloss.
First, what are all those cat hairs?
- Guard hairs: These are from the topcoat that protects cats from rain or snow; Abyssinians and Domestic Shorthairs have mostly these types of hairs.
- Awn hairs: This soft, fuzzy belly hair that keeps cats warm and provides insulation; Persians and many long-haired cats have this in abundance, not just on their bellies.
- Down hair: These dense, very short hairs close to the skin protect it from abrasion; only triple-coated cats, such as Siberians and Norwegian Forest Cats, have this type of hair.
Our Facebook fans shared that they’ve found cat hair between their teeth, inside their ears, and in the refrigerator and freezer. One fan, Lee Hallett, discovered “a single long, white hair just casually laying atop my truck’s engine.”
Let’s face it. Cat hair is everywhere. So here are some things to help you deal with it.
1. Accept that cats shed — it’s normal
For cats, shedding is “a normal process of hair growth and replacement,” says Dr. Jane Brunt, a vet who founded the Cat Hospital of Towson in Baltimore and served as past president of the American Association of Feline Practitioners.
Unlike with humans and certain dog breeds, cat hair grows to a fixed length, dies, and falls out as it’s replaced by a new hair, explains Dr. Gary D. Norsworthy, board-certified feline specialist and owner of the Alamo Feline Health Center in San Antonio.
“That is why cats do not need regular haircuts,” he said.
Cats who go outdoors shed more in the spring, and new hair growth will accelerate in the fall and winter.
“However, about 80 percent of my patients literally never go outdoors, so they are not as aware of seasons. This means there is not a significant difference in seasonal shedding in indoor-only cats,” Norsworthy said.
2. Cats can shed too much
Stress, parasites such as fleas, a poor diet and certain diseases can cause cats to shed more than normal.
“Diseases that affect the entire cat such as diabetes, hyperthyroidism and kidney failure are more likely to increase shedding,” Norsworthy ssays. “When the cat has significant illness, the hair coat suffers first.”
Because of this, don’t assume that an excessive amount of hair loss is a skin or coat issue, Brunt says. Arthritis and obesity can cause a cat to be unable to groom normally, which might cause coat abnormalities. Food allergies can cause itchiness, excessive grooming, and hair loss.
“This can be a bigger problem than a normal shed cycle or grooming issue, so absolutely get your veterinarian involved,” she said.
3. Feed your cat a healthy diet
If your cat is eating a complete and balanced diet, and drink ing enough water, then her coat should be shiny and healthy. On the other hand, a malnourished or dehydrated cat would show it in a dull coat, excessive hair loss, matted hair, dandruff or an excessively oily coat. Skin is the body’s largest organ, Brunt explained. If your cat eats a healthy diet and drinks enough water, you will see it in her gorgeous coat. A normal, healthy cat takes in the amount of water she needs.
Cats need a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet.
“These diets generally result in much more luxurious hair coats with less shedding,” Norsworthy says.
“Food allergies can show up as skin and hair-coat problems,” Brunt explains.
Cats can develop an allergy to a protein source, in which case you will need to feed a low-allergenic diet that uses a protein your cat has never eaten before.
Fatty acid supplements, because they are anti-inflammatory, can help with skin and coat problems, Brunt said.
4. Pet your cat with purpose
Normal petting is enough to remove shedding hair for some cats. Joan Miller, Cat Fanciers’ Association chair of outreach and education and all-breed judge emeritus, grooms cats by petting. The former Abyssinian breeder dribbles a little room-temperature bottled water into her hand and pets the cat’s coat until dry.
“I never used a comb or brush on my Abys,” she said.
Dead hair comes off of the cat’s coat during petting, Miller said.
“All that’s left is shiny new hairs,” she said.
Miller also recommends wet-hand petting for Orientals, Domestic Shorthairs, Tonkinese and other cats with mostly guard-hair coats. Persians and other long-haired cats, on the other hand, have an abundance of awn hairs and need to be brushed daily.
5. Brush your cat
Every day, my husband, Mark, and I brush our cats, who have long cottony awn-hair coats. In fact, they insist we brush them multiple times each day. We use a bristle brush, which they love. Choosing a brush your cat likes is key. Our cats let us know when it’s time to brush them, because they go to that same spot at the same time each day, give us that look, and meow until we brush them.
My husband and I have noticed that they don’t shed as much as they did before we brushed them every day. We also find fewer hairs around the house.
Cats groom themselves for about 10 hours each day, Miller said. So brushing your cat will reduce the amount of fur your cat ingests while grooming, which can minimize hairballs.
“Long-haired cats with an abundance of awn hair, like Persians, and other breeds generally need to be combed every day with a good stainless-steel, long-tooth comb that will go to the skin,” Miller says.
The very fine, soft belly hair can be groomed with a slicker brush. If long-haired cats are not groomed regularly, they will develop mats, especially in the front armpits and in the belly area, and they will shed hair that sticks to furniture and clothes, Miller said.
“I like flea combs, slicker brushes, and Furminator-type brushes,” Brunt says.
Flea combs show whether your cat has fleas and remove flea dirt. Slicker brushes are great for untangling mats. And Furminator-type brushes remove dead undercoat hairs.
Never attempt to cut out your cat’s mats if you can’t comb them out, Brunt warned.
“Please see a vet or groomer to comb or clip them out, because their skin is so elastic,” she said.
6. Make a good vacuum cleaner your BFF
A good vacuum cleaner is essential to managing cat hair. Many manufacturers design their vacuums with pet hair and allergens in mind. You’ll want one with a HEPA filter to reduce allergens and one that excels at picking up pet hair.
Vacuum the main living area weekly, and use the attachments to go over furniture, window treatments, and car seats as needed. My husband even vacuums the cat trees on occasion.
7. Discover helpful cleaning aids
Go over wood, laminate or tile flooring with an electrostatic or microfiber dry mop. Reach into corners where cat hair collects. Also use an electrostatic or microfiber cloth on any non-upholstered furniture.
Use Sticky Sheets on your upholstered furniture in between vacuum cleanings. Keep them on hand to go over cloth surfaces just before entertaining.
You can also use cleaning gloves designed to pick up pet hair on furniture and in any hard-to-reach areas where your vacuum or a Sticky Sheet cannot go
8. Save cat hair for the birds
I’m not kidding. Several of our Facebook fans suggest this.
“I saved the cat hair after I combed my cats,” writes Pam Kirby on our Facebook page. “I put it in a net-type onion bag and tied the bag on a branch of a tree in my back yard. Birds came to the bag and removed cat hair for their spring nests. I have found old bird nests that were lined in the warm fur. Several of my neighbors have found nests in their trees with the same fur lining.”
Several other Facebook fans reported collecting their cats’ hair for the same purpose; some identified it as a great idea. Who knew?
9. Love your lint roller
Use a lint roller on your clothing before going out and before washing your clothes. Get rid of as much cat hair as possible before sticking clothes in the wash, or you will end up with thousands of cat-hair beads stuck to clothing and in the washing machine.
If your clothes are covered in cat hair and it would take hundreds of lint roller sheets to de-fur them, you can put your clothes in the dryer for 10 minutes with a dryer sheet. The cat hair will end up in the dryer’s lint catcher.
10. Knit a sweater
Just kidding. Seriously, though, if someone says something to you about being covered in cat hair, you could just wear it with pride as one Facebook fan suggests.
“I carry it with me … all over me, even after I lint brush, I still have it … these five are killing me with fur,” writes Pullena Pushy. “But I just say, ‘I’m the crazy cat lady. Of course I’m covered in fur. Be happy I’m not knitting you a cat-fur sweater … ‘cause I could.’”
Standing in front of the furless, well-dressed woman at the airport, I could have been embarrassed, but I chose to embrace the joys of having cats and, with a chuckle, I just said: “Well, this is their protest for my going out of town and at least I get to take part of them with me. They’re so worth any inconvenience of having cat hair on things.”
Thumbnail: Photography by DreamBig / Shutterstock.
About the author: Susan Logan-McCracken and her husband are brushing their two cats, Sophie and Maddie, more regularly now that they have found a brush that their kitties love. Their Southern California home has less cat hair floating around in it now.
April is Spring Cleaning month here at Catster! Stay tuned for a few articles every week on all things spring cleaning and cats — whether that’s cat-safe ways to clean your home, spring-cleaning your cat’s grooming routine with advice on brushing and bathing — and much more.
Editor’s note: This article appeared in Catster magazine. Have you seen the new Catster print magazine in stores? Or in the waiting room of your vet’s office? Subscribe now to get Catster magazine delivered straight to you!
Read more about cats and grooming on Catster.com:
- What Cats Need Grooming? Let’s Talk Bathing and Brushing Your Cat
- Senior Cat Grooming — What to Know and What to Do
- Is Shaving Your Cat Okay?
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