It’s never enjoyable when something is wrong with your cat. Whether it’s an upset stomach, a cut, or something more serious, neither you nor your pet are having a good time when they’re ill. And when you hear the word “worm” regarding your cat, your mind likely comes up with a scenario that’s not very pleasant.
However, the good news is that there are no actual parasitic worms involved when it comes to ringworm infection. That still does not make it enjoyable for your cat, though, so you should be aware of what it looks like on a cat—even more so because your cat can pass it along to you!
Let’s go over what ringworm looks like on a cat. We’ll also give you the lowdown on how ringworm is treated and ways to help keep ringworm from spreading.
What Is Ringworm?
Despite its name, ringworm is a fungal infection that affects the hair, nails, and skin and is not a parasite1. The fungi that cause this infection are known as dermatophytes—some dermatophytes only infect a single species, while others will infect several different species and spread from species to species.
And because most ringworm infections in cats are caused by a specific dermatophyte species known as Microsporum canis that also infects people and dogs2, you run the risk of getting ringworm from your affected pet.
What Does Ringworm Look Like on a Cat?
Ringworm gets its name from how it typically looks on human skin—a red ring around where the infection is located. In pets, you’ll normally see hair loss around the infected area. These lesions usually show up around the ears and head, front legs, or back (though they may show up anywhere on the body).
There may be more symptoms that appear other than hair loss, though. You might also see the following:
How Is Ringworm Treated?
The first step in treating ringworm is, of course, taking your cat to the vet for a proper diagnosis. Your vet will have several ways to determine if the infection is indeed ringworm. Some of the ways they’ll test for ringworm include:
Once ringworm has been determined, there’s a combination of ways in which the infection is treated. First will be with oral antifungal medication—likely either Terbinafine or Itraconazole—which will work to stop the infection and keep it from proliferating. Then, topical treatments will be used to help stop the ringworm from spreading to anyone else in your home. These could be medicated shampoos or a sulfur rinse that works to disinfect your cat’s coat.
Finally, you’ll need to do some cleaning to eliminate any fungal spores in your home. This will include vacuuming and disinfecting carpets, sweeping and disinfecting floors, and washing any sheets, cat beds, or clothing that may be contaminated.
How Can I Stop the Spread of Ringworm?
If your cat has ringworm, there are a few things you can do to help prevent it from spreading to yourself or others in your home. For starters, your pet may need to be quarantined for some time while treatment occurs. You should also wash anything your cat has come into contact with recently, whether that’s toys, beds, clothing, or other items. It’s also a good idea to wash items such as bedding a couple of times a week while your pet is being treated to continue keeping your cat’s environment decontaminated.
Finally, one of the most vital ways to avoid ringworm contamination is to avoid petting or touching your cat while it’s in the treatment phase. If you can’t resist giving your cat some love, wash your hands incredibly well after touching them, and don’t touch any other part of your body, such as the face.
Recognizing what ringworm looks like on your cat can help you prevent this infection in its tracks before it spreads throughout your home. If you see that your pet has skin lesions with a red ring around them, consult with your vet to first make sure it actually is ringworm. Then, once you have a suspected or confirmed official diagnosis, treatment can begin.
During treatment, it’s important to decontaminate your home environment to prevent reinfection or the spread of infection among others in the home. It will be a bit of cleaning on your part, but well worth it to get rid of the ringworm!
Featured Image Credit: Yaya photos, Shutterstock