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Siberian Cat Breed Info: Pictures, Temperament & Traits

Written by: Chris Dinesen Rogers

Last Updated on June 17, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

brown tabby siberian cat sitting on the grass

Siberian Cat Breed Info: Pictures, Temperament & Traits

The Siberian cat is an anomaly. After all, the ancestor of our pets is the African Wild Cat (Felis silvestris lybica), which isn’t a cat we’d associate with the origin of the Siberian. The African Wild Cat lived in a hotter climate, but the Siberian can tolerate the cold and is similar to other large domestic felines, such as the Maine Coon. They are muscular animals with almost dog-like personalities.

Breed Overview


17–25 inches


8–17 pounds


11–18 years


Accepted in all colors and patterns

Suitable for:

Active families looking for an affectionate and playful cat


Affectionate, intelligent, tough

The Siberian cat has other characteristics we’d expect from an animal living in a harsh climate. It is a feline version of biology’s Bergmann’s rule, which states that species get larger as the ambient temperatures get cooler. The size of the Siberian is the perfect example. Below, we’ll discuss some interesting details about this remarkable cat.

Siberian Cat Characteristics

A high-energy cat needs a lot of physical and mental stimulation to keep healthy and happy, while a low-energy cat needs minimal physical activity, but still needs mental stimulation. When choosing a cat, It’s important to ensure their energy levels match your lifestyle.
Cats that are easy-to-train are more willing and skilled at quickly learning prompts and actions with minimal training. Harder-to-train cats are usually more stubborn or aloof and require a bit more patience and practice.
Certain cat breeds are more prone to various genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every cat in those breeds will have these issues, but they do have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Due to their size or potential genetic health issues of a specific breed, some cats have shorter lifespans than others. Proper nutrition, exercise, mental stimulation, and hygiene also play an important role in your cat’s lifespan and quality of life.
Some cat breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other cats and animals. Cats that are more social have a tendency to rub up on strangers for scratches or jump on laps for cuddles, while cats that are less social shy away, hide, are more cautious, and even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed or gender, it’s important to socialize your cat and expose them to many different situations.

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Siberian Kittens

siberian kittens up close
Image Credit: Lubava, Shutterstock

Siberian cats are an excellent choice for someone who wants an interactive relationship with their pet. They are playful and intelligent, and as kittens, they’re relatively larger than those of other breeds because of their big-boned frame. While most felines reach sexual maturity around 6–8 months, the Siberian cat is a late bloomer, reaching full size at 5 years old.

The Siberian has a decent following, and you shouldn’t have a difficult time finding one. We recommend only buying from reputable sellers who conduct pre-breeding health screening for congenital and hereditary conditions, such as hip dysplasia.

However, we suggest beginning your search with a rescue organization. These animals truly need forever homes. Understanding the financial commitment having a pet entails is imperative. Food and vet care costs will likely be your biggest expenses. However, they are worthwhile investments to safeguard your cat’s health.

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Temperament & Intelligence of the Siberian Cat

The Siberian cat is brilliant at problem-solving and can figure out where you hide the treats and how to get to them. They are also affectionate pets that will gladly share their love with all household members. They love to play and may even encourage you to start the games. That also means mental stimulation and enrichment are imperative for their well-being.

Image Credit: Pavel-Sepi_Shutterstock

Are These Cats Good for Families? 👪

The Siberian cat’s traits make it an excellent family pet, especially for households with children. They can keep up with the kids and are strong enough to handle it. The Siberian enjoys the company of their human companions, yet they aren’t needy. They aren’t as vocal as some breeds, such as the Siamese, and prefer to make their presence known by playing or following you from room to room.

Research has shown that the Siberian cat is one of the most sociable toward humans and least likely to show fearfulness.1 Of course, the cat’s upbringing also plays a role, but the animal’s genetics provide a solid foundation for a good pet/owner relationship.

Does This Breed Get Along With Other Pets?

Early socialization is the best way to ensure harmonious pet relationships. However, the Siberian cat’s calm disposition and gentle nature make them a suitable choice for households with other pets. They are dog-friendly, especially if introduced as kittens. They also have the size and strength on their side. However, cats will be cats if you have small animals, so it’s best not to house them with small pets like hamsters.

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Things to Know When Owning a Siberian Cat

Essential characteristics to know about the Siberian include their large size and thick coat. While relatively healthy and long-lived, grooming is more involved with the Siberian than other felines. Providing mental stimulation and devoting time to play are other significant considerations.

Food & Diet Requirements 🐡

Feline dietary needs vary with their age and life stage. You should feed kittens a commercial diet formulated for their health requirements. The food should contain at least 30% protein and 9% fat. Remember that cats are carnivores that need animal-based proteins for optimal health. You can feed the kittens three to four meals daily, cutting back to two when they reach adulthood.

You should also provide fresh, clean water daily. Cats need about 4 ounces of water per 5 pounds of body weight. A 10-pound cat will need at least a cup of water daily, depending on the type of food you give them. Canned food has significantly more moisture than kibble and can cover some of their needs.

siberian cat sitting on the jute wicker rug
Image Credit: evrymmnt, Shutterstock

Exercise 🐈

A playful Siberian cat will see to some of their exercise needs. However, the onus is still on you for daily interaction. While this feline is tough enough to handle the outdoors, we strongly urge you to keep your pet inside and provide the necessary enrichment indoors.

The Siberian enjoys interactive toys and games that challenge them mentally. It’ll also improve their quality of life. They’re surprisingly athletic for an animal of their size. They have no problems jumping to high places and racing around the house to burn off all their energy.

Training 🧶

The Siberian cat is intelligent enough to train, especially if a treat is involved. They are quick to make associations between actions and rewards. Research has shown that felines are on a par with monkeys regarding their recognition memory ability.

We suggest you start training early in your pet’s life to nurture their developing intelligence and problem-solving skills. You can use treats as training rewards, but they should make up no more than 10% of your pet’s daily caloric intake.

Grooming ✂️

The Siberian has a dense double coat that they shed seasonally. You can cut down on the hair around your home by brushing your pet a few times weekly. It’ll prevent mats and keep your kitty looking their best. You should also check their nails and ears. Their thick coat makes them prone to ear infections. Regular grooming will get your cat used to being handled, and your vet will appreciate your efforts.

Siberian cat on a winter walk
Image Credit: Emil Helge, Shutterstock

Health and Conditions 🏥

The Siberian cat is a relatively healthy breed, but maintaining yearly veterinary appointments is vital, regardless of their health. Prevention and early detection are the best ways to keep your kitty healthy. Your Siberian cat will make it easy since they’re open to meeting new friends.

Minor Conditions
  • Ear infections
  • Hip dysplasia
Serious Conditions
  • Obesity
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

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Male vs. Female

The main differences between male and female Siberian cats are the size and age of sexual maturity. The male is visibly larger than the female and weighs at the high end of the spectrum. They also take a bit longer to mature than the females. Otherwise, their temperament is pleasing, no matter what the sex of the animal. Either one will make a delightful pet.

It’s worth noting that the environment and rearing are potent influences on a cat’s behavior and temperament. A Siberian cat raised by a loving family will happily return the affection and attention.

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3 Little-Known Facts About the Siberian Cat

1. The Siberian Cat Has a Long History With Humans

Early records aren’t always trustworthy, but they suggest that Siberian cats have interacted with humans for over 1,000 years. Their relationship with humans probably began similar to that of dogs, with some brave animals coexisting with people.

2. Humans Developed the Siberian Cat Breed Before 1868

While the animal has a long history with humans, the formal development of the breed occurred around 1868. The Siberian has high levels of genetic variation, which helps to explain their good health.

3. The Siberian Cat Is the National Feline of Russia

The Siberian is remarkable enough to become the National Cat of Russia, and you must also give props to how tough the cat is for their survival skills.

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Final Thoughts

The Siberian cat is a beautiful animal with a face that will melt your heart. They are affectionate pets that truly love their family. They aren’t aloof or skittish but want to be a part of the household’s activity. They’re happy to play or snuggle on the couch, and their large size also makes them an excellent choice for families with small children. There’s a good reason they’ve been companions for so long.

Featured Image Credit: Massimo Cattaneo, Shutterstock

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