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How Do Cats Clean Themselves? Normal Behavior & Advice (Vet-Reviewed)

Written by: Christian Adams

Last Updated on July 3, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

white himalayan cat grooming hepper pod bed

How Do Cats Clean Themselves? Normal Behavior & Advice (Vet-Reviewed)


Dr. Luqman Javed Photo


Dr. Luqman Javed

DVM (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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Cats are known for their impressive ability to self-groom. However, there is a line between healthy grooming and compulsive grooming. Likewise, some cats under-groom. Both compulsive grooming and under-grooming occur due to other underlying health problems.

Understanding what’s normal for your cat’s self-grooming habits can help you monitor their health and well-being. If your cat is over or under-grooming, you should contact your vet to determine which conditions are causing the poor grooming habits.

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Why Do Cats Groom Themselves?

Before we dive into what’s normal, it’s important to understand why cats clean themselves. Cats groom themselves to keep their fur and skin clean, but there are several other reasons why cats self-groom. Here are just a few other reasons:

  • Distribute oils for soft coat
  • Remove debris, dirt, and parasites from their coat
  • Self-calming
  • Stimulate circulation
  • Regulate body temperature
  • Bond with other cats or their kittens

In other words, cats self-groom for several reasons. You never want to discourage self-grooming because it is an integral part of your cat’s well-being and socialization with other cats.

How Often Should Cats Groom Themselves?

Since self-grooming serves such an important purpose in a cat’s life, most cats spend anywhere from 30% to 50% of their waking hours self-grooming. Can you imagine if we bathed ourselves that much? Needless to say, you should see your cat self-grooming quite a lot.

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How Cats Groom Themselves

Cats groom themselves using two parts of their body: their tongue and paws. Matched with the cat’s flexibility, their tongue and paws allow them to groom almost all of their body.


Have you ever been licked by a cat? If so, you know how prickly their tongue is. This rough surface keeps the cat’s coat and skin nice and healthy. The comb-like surface picks up debris and foreign objects on the skin.

cat licking its paw
Image Credit by: TeamK, Pixabay


Cats can also use their claws and paws to clean their skin and coat in areas their tongue cannot reach. For example, cats use their paws to reach their face, top of the head, and neck areas. Cats can even use the back of their paws to clean their bodies.

Their forepaws are used to help distribute the oil from the cat’s head to other locations. The oil helps maintain the fur’s health and shine.

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Under-Grooming and Compulsive Grooming

Healthy cats use their tongue, paws, and forepaws to self-groom for up to half their waking time. However, cats under-groom or compulsively groom due to several underlying health conditions.


Under-grooming is primarily a problem with senior cats. As the cat ages, it is more difficult for them to reach all the areas of their body. Osteoarthritis (a common ailment in older cats) limits a senior cat’s flexibility, which may make it difficult for them to groom as they used to. Cats can also under-groom due to other conditions, such as obesity.

Issues with the mouth, particularly conditions that involve pain, may dissuade a cat from grooming themselves. Because the tongue is essentially their “brush,” a painful tongue will prevent them from grooming as much. Likewise, pain in the paws (especially the forepaws) may also dissuade cats from self-grooming.

Cats that are generally unwell (for example, with the flu) may choose not to groom, much like how we tend to slack on self-hygiene when we’re unwell and would rather rest up. In general, any disorder that results in pain will probably lead to less grooming.

Likewise, some hormonal issues can cause a cat to under-groom or appear unkempt despite their best efforts to keep grooming themselves. Finally, behavioral disorders can prevent cats from properly grooming. For example, a cat with a neurological disorder might spend most of their time circling randomly rather than grooming themselves.

If you think your cat is under-grooming, take them to the vet to see if there is an underlying condition. Additionally, help your cat groom by taking them to a professional groomer and brushing them more often.

Compulsive Grooming

Compulsive grooming occurs whenever cats groom so much that it results in hair loss, skin lesions, and skin irritation. Compulsive grooming can happen because of parasites, skin disorders or infections, varying degrees of pain, neurological issues, stress, or other body system disorders or diseases.

If you notice issues with your cat’s fur and skin due to grooming, take them to the vet. The lesions may need treatment, and the cat must be evaluated to ensure they’re not suffering from other conditions. You will have to treat the cause of the compulsive grooming to get it under control.

cat licking its paw
Image Credit by: Hannah Oliver, Unsplash

When To Contact a Vet

You should contact a vet if your cat is grooming less frequently or more frequently than before. Undergrooming and compulsive grooming can be signs of severe illnesses that need veterinary treatment.

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How To Help Groom Your Cat

Whether your cat is under-grooming or over-grooming, here are some tips you can incorporate into your cat’s routine to help the grooming process go smoothly.

1. Create a Stress-Free Environment

Always try to create a stress-free environment for your cat. If the environment is stressful, your cat may groom less often due to fear or compulsively groom due to stress. Try to create a calm and safe environment for your cat so that your kitty grooms just the right amount.

2. Brush Regularly

Brush your cat regularly to mitigate hairballs and excessive hair loss. It is especially important for long-haired cats, unwell cats, seniors, young kittens, and overweight individuals. Likewise, short-haired cats can benefit from brushing as well.

You might need to introduce your cat to the brush first. With a proper introduction, cats will grow to love brush time. Alternatively, a wall-mounted brush can help a cat reach certain spots they want to groom in your absence.

grooming brush with cat fur
Image Credit by: RJ22, Shutterstock

3. Bathe When Needed

Bathing can motivate otherwise lazy cats to groom themselves after they’ve been cleaned. Bathing also helps control external parasites that might be lingering in your cat’s fur, and medicated shampoos can be beneficial when it comes to controlling some ailments (such as ringworm).

Even if your cat has no skin issues, a bath might help them cope, especially when they’re shedding their undercoat (often around spring or autumn).

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Final Thoughts

Cats clean themselves 30% to 50% of their waking hours using their tongue, paws, and forepaws. However, some cats groom too much or too little due to stress or underlying conditions. It’s essential to monitor your cat’s grooming to ensure they are as healthy as possible.

If you suspect your cat is under or over-grooming, contact your vet. In the meantime, try to create a stress-free environment and help your cat with the grooming process by brushing them regularly and bathing them when needed. Based on the underlying cause of your cat’s grooming problems, a vet can provide additional treatment tips.

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