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Russian Blue Cat Breed Info: Pictures, Temperament & Traits

Written by: Sarah Psaradelis

Last Updated on June 24, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

Russian Blue cat sitting and posing on a white background

Russian Blue Cat Breed Info: Pictures, Temperament & Traits

The Russian Blue cat is a striking feline with pale blue fur and distinctive emerald-colored eyes. They are known for their affectionate personality and various desirable traits that make them a favorite among many cat owners. If you are contemplating owning a Russian Blue cat, this article is for you.

Breed Overview


8–10 inches


10–14 pounds


10–20 years


Slate gray

Suitable for:

Families with older children, seniors, or apartment dwellers


Loyal, affectionate, playful, social, and independent

Russian Blue cats, also known as Archangel Blues, are purebred felines with a unique appearance. They are medium sized with an average height of 8 to 10 inches and a weight of up to 14 pounds. They stand out with their mesmerizing eyes, elegant build, and shimmering blue coats.

The Russian Blue cat is naturally curious and intelligent, making them easy to be trained and housebroken. They make great pets for families and feline-loving individuals alike, so caring for a Russian Blue cat is a rewarding experience.

Russian Blue Cat Characteristics

A high-energy cat needs a lot of physical and mental stimulation to keep healthy and happy, while a low-energy cat needs minimal physical activity, but still needs mental stimulation. When choosing a cat, It’s important to ensure their energy levels match your lifestyle.
Cats that are easy-to-train are more willing and skilled at quickly learning prompts and actions with minimal training. Harder-to-train cats are usually more stubborn or aloof and require a bit more patience and practice.
Certain cat breeds are more prone to various genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every cat in those breeds will have these issues, but they do have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Due to their size or potential genetic health issues of a specific breed, some cats have shorter lifespans than others. Proper nutrition, exercise, mental stimulation, and hygiene also play an important role in your cat’s lifespan and quality of life.
Some cat breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other cats and animals. Cats that are more social have a tendency to rub up on strangers for scratches or jump on laps for cuddles, while cats that are less social shy away, hide, are more cautious, and even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed or gender, it’s important to socialize your cat and expose them to many different situations.

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Russian Blue Kittens

Cute Russian blue kitten sitting inside of a basket on a white background
Image Credit: Utekhina Anna, Shutterstock

Russian Blue kittens are incredibly playful and energetic. They will spend most of their time playing and sleeping, so they need plenty of toys to keep them entertained. You can begin training Russian Blue kittens by the time they are about 8 weeks old.

This is a good age to also start socializing your Russian Blue kittens and allowing them to adjust to other pets and different environmental stimuli. If you get your Russian Blue kitten from a reputable breeder, it is likely they have already received the basics of early socialization. However, the kitten’s training and socialization should continue once you bring them home. Furthermore, the kitten should have received the necessary medical procedures before coming home with you.

If you do not want to purchase your Russian Blue kitten from a breeder, adoption is a good route to go. You would only need to pay the adoption fee for the kitten, which usually costs less than if you were to purchase one from a breeder.

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Temperament & Intelligence of the Russian Blue Cat

Russian Blue cats are affectionately described by their owners as loyal, social, and loving. However, they can be fairly independent and not very cuddly at times. Russian Blue cats are generally more friendly toward their owners and form close bonds. They can be reserved for strangers and even hide when guests arrive.

It may take a while for Russian Blue cats to bond with new people, so it is best to be patient when socializing and bonding with them. These devoted felines are highly intelligent and can be easily trained with the right methods. Their high intelligence also makes it important to provide them with plenty of mental stimulation to prevent boredom.

Are These Cats Good for Families? 👪

Russian Blue cats make excellent pets for families with older children and other friendly dogs or cats. Despite being wary of strangers, they are a relatively social and friendly cat breed. Russian Blue cats do not mind sharing their home with older children who understand the cat’s boundaries of being handled or played with. They are also perfect for families with seniors and those who live in apartments or other small homes.

Does This Breed Get Along With Other Pets?

Russian Blue cats could get along with other friendly pets such as cats or dogs. This is possible through early socialization with other pets in a comfortable environment. However, this does not guarantee that other pets will automatically get along with a Russian Blue cat. If another pet in the home provokes them, it might make them fearful of interacting with that particular pet again.

Since Russian Blue cats are naturally predatory animals, giving them access to rooms with small pets such as birds or hamsters is not a good idea. Any small pets should be kept in a secure cage and in a separate room that your Russian Blue cat cannot enter.

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Things to Know When Owning a Russian Blue Cat

Russian blue cat playing with a toy while staring at the camera
Image Credit: milivigerova, Pixabay

Food & Diet Requirements 🐡

As with most felines, Russian Blue cats are obligate carnivores. Their primary diet should consist of animal-based foods, such as poultry or beef. Their diet must contain all the necessary vitamins, minerals, and amino acids required for cats. Arginine and taurine are two essential amino acids that cats get from animal tissues in their diet. Russian Blue cats will accept most types of cat foods, whether it is canned, kibble, or raw.

Some Russian Blue cats prefer certain types of foods over others. This could be influenced by any health conditions and texture or taste preferences they have. If your Russian Blue cat is under 1 year old or considered a senior, then a diet formulated for those life stages could be worth offering.

Exercise 🐈

Exercise is important for Russian Blue cats, as it may help with their weight management and prevent boredom. Russian Blues can easily become bored if they are not offered much exercise or toys to play with. You would need to dedicate about an hour of your day to play and interact with your Russian Blue.

Not only does this entertain them, but it also allows you to bond with them. Exercising a Russian Blue usually involves giving them new toys to play with and allowing them to explore your home or secured yard safely. Toys and interactive games that engage a Russian Blue’s instinct to hunt and chase are great forms of mental and physical exercise.

Russian Blue crouched in a table beside a flower vase
Image Credit: Nailia Schwarz, Shutterstock

Training 🧶

Most Russian Blue cats are eager to be trained and to learn new things. However, sometimes their independent personalities can make it difficult for them to respond to training at first. You should stick with consistent and positive training methods to keep your Russian Blue cat interested. They can be both house and litterbox trained or taught to follow basic verbal commands.

Grooming ✂️

Russian Blue cats have relatively undemanding grooming requirements thanks to their short, manageable coats. You generally only need to brush them once or twice a week using a slicker brush or hand grooming mitt. Their coat should be brushed in the direction of the hair growth to catch any loose hairs and keep it looking smooth.

Aside from brushing, you will also need to keep your Russian Blue’s nails trimmed. This can either be done yourself, by a cat groomer, or at a veterinary checkup. It is not necessary to bathe Russian Blue cats regularly unless encouraged by a veterinarian. Russian Blues prefer grooming themselves, and bathing them with harsh shampoos might be irritating to their skin and coat.

Russian Blue Cat licking its lips while lying on a carpet
Image Credit: milivigerova, Pixabay

Health and Conditions 🏥

Although the Russian Blue is a relatively healthy and robust breed, they can still suffer from various health conditions.

Minor Conditions
  • Overgrown nails
  • Cataracts
Serious Conditions
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Dental disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Urinary tract disease

Male vs. Female

The most noticeable differences between male and female Russian Blue cats are their hormonal behaviors and reproductive issues. Unneutered male cats usually urine spray more than females to mark their territory. They may try to escape the house to mate with female cats in the neighborhood, which might result in yowling and restlessness if they cannot. This type of behavior is also seen in unspayed female cats during heat.

Grey little cat breed Russian Blue Cat
Image Credit: Review News, Shutterstock

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3 Little-Known Facts About the Russian Blue Cat

1. Russian Blue cats tend to shed slightly less than other breeds, making them a better choice for people with minor allergies.

2. Russian Blue cats are rare in North America, so most reputable breeders have a waiting list.

3. These cats are believed to have originated from a northern part of Russia called “Arkhangelsk.”

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Final Thoughts

Russian Blue cats are striking felines with their green eyes and low-shedding, plush blue coats. They are purebreds with possible origins from northern Russia. The nature of the Russian Blue cat’s personality means they are not the most welcoming of cuddles, and they can be relatively independent.

They do not mind being on their own but can also be loving and sociable toward their owners. It is normal for Russian Blue cats to be wary of unfamiliar guests and animals, but early socialization can help them become comfortable around them quickly.


Featured Image Credit: Kirill Vorobyev, Shutterstock

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