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Bengal Cat Breed: Info, Temperaments, Traits & Pictures

Written by: Grant Piper

Last Updated on June 20, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

bengal cat sitting on the floor

Bengal Cat Breed: Info, Temperaments, Traits & Pictures

Bengal Cats are one of the most intriguing cat breeds available today. They look like tiny leopards and have a personality that can match a big cat. Bengal Cats instantly catch people’s attention due to their phenomenal look. Pictures of Bengal Cats have drawn many people in, but are they a good cat for the average cat owner? There is a lot more than meets the eye when it comes to the enigmatic Bengal Cat.

Breed Overview


12–16 inches


8–18 pounds


12–16 years


Spotted marble; brown, silver, snow

Suitable for:

Small families with plenty of space, experienced cat owners looking for a challenge


Willful, wild, mischievous, and entertaining

Bengal Cats are an American cat breed that mixes native domestic shorthair breeds with the Asian Leopard Cat. The result is a small, muscular cat with fantastic spots and an explosive personality. Bengal Cats are willful, smart as a whip, and infinitely curious. Bengal Cats will appeal to anyone looking for a cat with a big personality or people who appreciate domestic cats that look like big cats. Bengal Cats can thrive in certain situations, but they can also be a hassle if they are not cared for properly.

Bengal Cat Characteristics

A high-energy cat needs a lot of physical and mental stimulation to keep healthy and happy, while a low-energy cat needs minimal physical activity, but still needs mental stimulation. When choosing a cat, It’s important to ensure their energy levels match your lifestyle.
Cats that are easy-to-train are more willing and skilled at quickly learning prompts and actions with minimal training. Harder-to-train cats are usually more stubborn or aloof and require a bit more patience and practice.
Certain cat breeds are more prone to various genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every cat in those breeds will have these issues, but they do have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Due to their size or potential genetic health issues of a specific breed, some cats have shorter lifespans than others. Proper nutrition, exercise, mental stimulation, and hygiene also play an important role in your cat’s lifespan and quality of life.
Some cat breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other cats and animals. Cats that are more social have a tendency to rub up on strangers for scratches or jump on laps for cuddles, while cats that are less social shy away, hide, are more cautious, and even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed or gender, it’s important to socialize your cat and expose them to many different situations.

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Bengal Cat Kittens

Golden colored bengal cat creeping around the side of a cold frozen bag of ice to illustrate a cold cat
Image Credit: Natures Charm, Shutterstock

If you are interested in getting a Bengal Cat, you will likely need to go through a breeder. Since Asian Leopard Cats are not super common, few people are able to breed these cats. Most Bengal Cats have to be bred from other established captive Bengal Cat populations. The Asian Leopard Cat is not native to North America, so the chances of stumbling upon a Bengal Cat in the shelter or by accident are extremely low.

Your best bet is to seek out a reputable Bengal Cat breeder. You can search through online databases that are kept by cat associations to find breeders that have secured recognition from the community.

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Temperament & Intelligence of the Bengal Cat

Bengal Cats are defined by their intelligence, willful personalities, and energy levels. These cats always seem to be up to something. This can make them incredibly fun or incredibly frustrating, depending on the person and the living situation. Bengal Cats can be highly entertaining, but they can also be highly destructive. Bengal Cats are highly curious, which will draw them into interesting situations. They will be fascinated by things like bugs, water, small objects, and shiny things. Bengal Cats are not known for lying around quietly. They are always moving, thinking, and doing something.

Are These Cats Good for Families? 👪

a bengal cat leaning on the bathtub
Image Credit: Viktor Prymachenko, Shutterstock

Sometimes. Bengal Cats can be great family pets for certain families. Families with large houses and responsible and active children who can engage with the cats can absolutely love a Bengal Cat. Inexperienced cat owners, people with small living accommodations, and families with small children might find Bengal Cats overwhelming. Bengal Cats can be willful, and they can scare or hurt small children who do not handle them properly. If you have never owned cats before, you will likely want to avoid Bengal Cats as your first option.

Do Bengal Cats Get Along With Other Pets?

Usually. Bengal Cats often get along with other pets. They enjoy the company of other Bengal Cats. Bengal Cats could antagonize or scare dogs for fun due to their nature. Some Bengal Cats can be too rambunctious or territorial to get along with other pets, but most of the time, they will learn to adapt. The biggest problem with blending Bengal Cats and other pets is the level of energy and chaos it can create, not necessarily the relationship between the different pets.

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Things to Know When Owning a Bengal Cat:

Food & Diet Requirements 🐡

bengal cat near cat bowl
Image Credit: golubovystock, Shutterstock

Bengal Cats prefer to eat multiple small meals per day rather than one large meal. You should feed your Bengal cat in small amounts two to three times per day. You don’t want to overfeed your Bengal Cat because that will make them more prone to obesity. Veterinarians recommend that Bengal Cats eat 2% to 4% of their body weight per day. Bengal Cats can eat formulated dry food or wet food, or a combination of both. The key to feeding your Bengal Cat is small meals, portion control, and quality food. Bengal Cats do not have any special dietary requirements outside of these basic tenets.

Exercise 🐈

Mental engagement and exercise is critical for Bengal Cats. These cats are highly intelligent, and they are driven to activity. This is especially true when they are young. Bengal Cats will need a way to get the proper amount of exercise to keep them calm. They will also need varied environments, toys, and stimulation. You will need to interact with your Bengal Cat on a regular basis and give them things to do when you are not home. If you do not provide the proper amount of stimulation to your Bengal Cat, they will often find things to do on their own, which often results in knocked over valuables, shredded shoes, and other mischief. Bengal Cats are active cats and will not simply lay around all day. If you want a lap cat, you probably don’t want a Bengal Cat.

Training 🧶

Bengal cat sitting in a catio
Image Credit: TheCats, Shutterstock

Bengal Cats require a large and varied environment to thrive, but training them is essential to help keep them under control. These cats will not do well in small spaces like apartments or rented rooms. They will do best in a large house with plenty of different rooms to explore. Bengal Cats will also do well with some verticality in their environments. They will enjoy cat towers or tall furniture to jump and climb. If you let your Bengal Cat outside, they might end up hunting and bringing home dead animals, so it’s important to supervise them, teach them how to walk on a leash, or provide an outdoor catio for them to keep them contained. Some Bengal Cats, due to their wild nature, might disappear for days on end or never come back at all, so this is another area where training them can come in handy, but you also want to make sure that they are microchipped. You have to have the proper environment and training for a Bengal Cat to be happy and healthy. Bengal Cats that are put in small environments will become mischievous or destructive.

Grooming ✂️

Bengal Cats, like most cats, are excellent at keeping themselves clean. Bengal Cats have short and sleek hair that does not require any additional grooming. These cats will bathe and groom themselves with no input from their owners. You only have to become concerned if your cat stops grooming themselves. Cats that no longer groom themselves are usually suffering from some sort of health issue.

Health and Conditions 🏥

vet checking bengal cat
Image Credit: Pressmaster, Shutterstock

Bengal Cats are considered to be generally healthy as a breed. Bengal Cats have increased health due to the genetic diversity of the Asian Leopard Cat and the fact that the breed has not undergone extensive breeding like other breeds. The result is a cat that will have very few health issues to worry about. The major issues are hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is a rare heart condition affecting the actual heart muscle. It decreases your cat’s activity levels due to strain on the heart. The other major issues include retinal atrophy, which affects eyesight, and flat chested kitten syndrome, which is caught at birth.

Minor conditions include patellar luxation, which affects the knees, and hip dysplasia. Both of these problems are mobility related but often fail to slow most cats down for long. Responsible breeders should be able to screen and correct nearly every potential health issue Bengal cats might face.

Minor Conditions
  • Patellar luxation
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency
Serious Conditions
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Flat chested kitten syndrome (FCKS)

Male vs. Female

The biggest differences between male and female Bengal cats are in the size and build. Male Bengal cats tend to be heavier and more stout than female Bengals. Females tend to weigh 10 pounds or less, while there are some instances of male Bengal cats weighing nearly 20 pounds. In terms of temperament, both sexes are very similar. Males tend to pace and wander more than females, while females can be more prey driven than males. Overall, if you want a larger cat with a heavier build, you want to choose a male. If you want a leaner cat that weighs less and stands shorter, you want to pick a female.

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3 Little-Known Facts About the Bengal Cat

1. Bengal Cats Are Half Wild Animal

The reason that Bengal cats are so crazy is that they are half wild cat. Bengal cats are a combination of domesticated shorthair breeds and the wild Asian Leopard Cat. Asian Leopard Cats are small wild cats native to Southeast Asia. They are very prevalent in certain regions and have been listed as animals of least concern by conservationists. In that way, Bengal cats are similar to cats that are bred with North American bobcats.

2. Bengal Cats Used to Be Called Safari Cats

Before Bengal cats secured an official breed standard and widespread recognition, people took to calling the new breed the Safari Cat. That is because Bengal cats tend to look like tiny leopards or cheetahs. Safari Cat was an unofficial moniker, and it was phased out after the breed attained official status under the name Bengal Cat. If you find old material about cats and see the term Safari Cat, they are likely talking about an early Bengal cat.

Bengal Cat on the tree
Image Credit: Seregraff, Shutterstock

3. Bengal Cats Are a Relatively New Breed

Bengal cats are a recent breed. The earliest mention of someone breeding wild Asian Leopard Cats to native domestic cats comes in 1890. However, concerted breeding efforts were not started until the early 1970s. The breed was first recognized by The International Cat Association (TICA) in 1983. Despite the name, the Bengal cat got its start in the United States. After that, the breed took off in competitive circles and became more widespread starting in the 1990s. All things considered, that makes the Bengal cat a recent addition to the cat family since there are some cat breeds like the Siamese that have been around for centuries.


Final Thoughts

Bengal Cats can be incredible pets, but they won’t be a good fit for everyone. Bengal Cats need a lot of mental and physical stimulation in order to thrive. If you cannot provide Bengal Cats with the proper care and attention, they can get angsty and destructive. Bengal Cats can be a great project for experienced cat owners or families willing to put in the time and space to nurture a Bengal Cat. Bengal Cats might be overwhelming for new parents, people in small living spaces, or inexperienced cat owners. You will likely need to source a Bengal Cat from a breeder, and you can get more up-front information from a reputable breeder before making a final decision.

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Featured Image Credit: Eric Isselee, Shutterstock

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