8 Tips to Make Sure Your Cat Is Prepared for a House Fire

I make my house safe for my cats because I've learned you don't mess around with house fires.

 |  Jul 15th 2014  |   4 Contributions


Taffy repeatedly bit her owner’s hand, Tizzy pawed at her owner’s nose incessantly, and Beau hurled her body against her owner’s closed bedroom door. Cats behaving badly? Actually, these cats saved their owner’s lives by alerting them to house fires.

Sadly, the Live Safe Foundation estimates that 40,000 pets are killed each year by house fires, 1,000 of which are accidentally caused by pets. So the American Kennel Club and ADT Security Services launched National Pet Fire Safety Day on July 15, 2009, to help owners prevent their pets from starting fires and develop a fire safety plan that increases their pet’s chance of survival.

Wake up, wake up! https://www.flickr.com/x/t/0098009/photos/malingering/383309401/

I’ve been known to be over the top when it comes to making my house safe for my cats. I confess that there was a time when I put child safety plugs in the electrical outlets, hid the sink disposal switch behind a heavy wooden cutting board, and taped electrical cords to the floor. You may not have considered any of those precautions, but I do hope you’ll consider these more common safety tips.

1. Remember: Cats are curious

If you live with cats, I don’t have to tell you that most like to stick their noses, paws, teeth, and even tails into potentially dangerous things, such as pots and pans on gas stovetops, flickering candles, and warm fireplaces. Don’t leave these things unattended, and extinguish all flames before leaving the house, even for a moment, or going to sleep.

Hey, is this one of those catnip-scented candles? https://www.flickr.com/x/t/0094009/photos/energy2024/8517494330/

If you can’t monitor these situations, exclude your pet from the area or confine your pet in another part of the house where he’ll be safe. And what about those nasty exposed electrical cords? Your cat may not intend to bite into an electrical cord, but he might if an errant piece of kibble or toy is nearby.

Forgot the tape. You can now buy attractive tubes to confine electrical cords.

2. Get your cat accustomed to her carrier

If you’re lucky, you’ll be home when a fire starts and be able to get out of the house with your cat. That’s when the training you’ve done to accustom your cat to his carrier is so important. What, you haven’t? It’s never too late to start.

Don't keep your cat's carrier out of reach -- you may not be able to get to it in an emergency. Cat next to carrier by Shutterstock

Being able to get your cat into his carrier and do it quickly could be a matter of life and death if you need to get out of your house fast. Be sure to have as many carriers as you have cats and keep them in a handy place. They won’t do much good if they’re in a place that’s not convenient, like the attic, garage, or basement. In addition, when you make it outside, having your cat in his carrier will prevent him from bolting if he panics. 

3. Make sure your cat's info is up-to-date

It’s also important for your cat, even your strictly indoor cat, to wear a safety collar with visible identification that’s current. Should you be unable to locate your cat, his collar with up-to-date contact information, along with a microchip that you’ve registered and kept current, could help you and your cat be reunited. It’s a good idea to provide your microchip registry with the names and contact information of relatives, friends, or neighbors who have agreed in advance to temporarily care for your cats if you are unable to do so.

Your cat should be microchipped and have a collar and tag. Angry Cat Wearing Spiked Collar by Shutterstock

If you don’t already have dozens of photos of your cat or cats on your phone, take some face and body shots. You may need to use these to create lost cat flyers.

4. Install smoke detectors in your home

Install smoke detectors and check them regularly to be sure they’re working. Of course, the piercing sound of the detector and the smell of smoke may scare your cat and send him scurrying for safety. If you don’t know where your cat typically hides, you could waste precious time searching for him, which brings us to:

5. Make sure all household members know your cat's favorite hiding spots

Isn't this the perfect hiding place? Photo by Nancy Peterson

Your cat probably has a bunch of favorite places to sleep or hang out. Make sure family members know where your cat likes to hide.

What if you can’t find your cat and have to leave the house? Open a door that leads to the outside and once you’ve escaped, call your cat. Hopefully, he’ll hear your voice and come running. Maybe he’s already outside with another family member. That’s another reason why it’s so important for everyone to swiftly gather in a designated meeting spot. 

6. Give your neighbors a spare key

A fire may break out when you or other family members aren’t home. That’s why my neighbors have keys to my house, have met my cats, know where to find the cats’ carriers, and know where my cats hide. 

Of course, a fire may occur when your neighbors aren’t home, either. If you have an alarm monitoring service, let the company know that you have cats and how many. Such services can instantly dispatch rescue personnel to your house if a fire breaks out.

"Relax. We got this." Kittens in fire truck by Shutterstock

7. Let rescuers know about your pets

The more you can do to alert rescue personnel that you have cats, the better. Put static cling emergency stickers on windows near all your house doors leading to the outside. These can also easily be updated or removed if pets no longer reside in the house.

(In the old days, people affixed permanent rescue stickers on their doors. These were difficult to remove and rescue personnel were often hesitant to risk their lives to save a pet who might no longer be in the house or no longer belong to the current family.)

A firefighter gives oxygen to a cat. Photo courtesy Joshua Smith, used with permission.

8. Once you're safe, check your cat for injury and smoke inhalation

Once you and your cat have reached safety, you can care for him if he's hurt. Your chances of succeeding and avoiding injury to yourself or your cat may be increased if you’ve taken a pet first aid class. Check with rescue personnel about special pet oxygen masks if your cat is having trouble breathing.

Even if the fire is minor and your cat appears normal, have him examined right away by your veterinarian or an emergency animal hospital if your veterinarian isn’t available. Smoke inhalation can be fatal or lead to other complications such as pneumonia or bronchitis.

Hopefully, you will never experience a house fire. But if you do, this information may increase your cat’s chance of survival. 

Has your cat ever been in a fire? How did you get her out? Was she injured? Tell us your story in the comments.

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About the author: Nancy Peterson is a registered veterinary technician and award-winning writer. She joined The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), the nation’s largest animal protection organization, in 1998 and is currently the Cat Programs Manager. She lives in Maryland with her cats Luna, adopted from a feline rescue; Toby, adopted from an animal shelter; and Jenny, a feral kitten she fostered. Check out the HSUS cat information here.

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