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How to Retrain a Cat to Use a Litter Box: 13 Vet-Approved Tips

Written by: Lorre Luther

Last Updated on June 3, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

Ginger cat in blue litter box

How to Retrain a Cat to Use a Litter Box: 13 Vet-Approved Tips


Dr. Amanda Charles Photo


Dr. Amanda Charles

BVSc GPCert (Derm) MRCVS (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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Inappropriate elimination can be difficult to deal with, resulting in ruined belongings and strained relations between cats and their favorite people. It’s one of the most commonly reported behavioral problems in cats.

Litter box issues are often caused by stress, which is usually linked to environmental factors. Providing comfortable, feline-friendly places for cats to relieve themselves is one of the first steps to fixing inappropriate elimination. Once the environmental issues are rectified, cats usually return to their litter boxes as long as there are no underlying health concerns.

Cats can develop aversions to their litter boxes, which can be based on one factor or a combination of several. It sometimes requires trial and error to find what’s right for your cat. Below, you’ll find helpful tips to retrain your cat to use the litter box.


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The 13 Tips to Retrain a Cat to Use a Litter Box

1. Schedule a Medical Check-Up

Make sure to take your cat for a checkup to ensure that their elimination problems aren’t related to a health issue. Some health problems can prompt cats to use the bathroom in inappropriate places, and they must be treated promptly before they get worse.

woman brought her maine coon cat to the vet
Image Credit: Gorodenkoff, Shutterstock

2. Determine the Type of Litter Your Cat Prefers

Cats have distinct preferences about the type of litter they use, but many prefer unscented, clumping clay formulas. If you’re not sure what type of litter your cat likes, you can experiment with a few types to see which they prefer. However, some materials require special litter boxes with liners to collect the urine.

3. Try Different Litter Box Styles

Cats can be picky about the type of litter box, but large, uncovered models are the most common. They provide cats with clear views of what’s going on around them.

However, some cats are more comfortable using covered boxes, and it may be helpful to provide both types to see which one your cat prefers.

man cleaning low entry cat litter box while cat watches
Image credit: New Africa, Shutterstock

4. Think About Location

The litter box’s location can be important to some, but not all, cats. Most cats prefer their litter boxes to be located away from their food and water bowls, and they typically don’t enjoy using the bathroom in places where they can be easily surprised.

Placing the box in a quiet area away from noisy appliances is ideal.

5. Determine if You Need Multiple Litter Boxes

If your cat is older or has trouble getting around, you can place a few litter boxes in multiple locations around the house to make it easy for them to get to the bathroom. You can put them on every floor if you live in a home with stairs. Also make sure they can easily get in and out of the litter box if they have mobility problems.

If you have more than one pet, provide at least one litter box per cat and one extra so your cats don’t need to share bathroom facilities. It can prevent resource competition, which is stressful, particularly for the cat on the receiving end of the exclusionary behavior.

cat sitting on top of several litter boxes looking at another cat leaving toilet through flap
Image Credit: Nils Jacobi, Shutterstock

6. Keep the Litter Box Clean

Keeping your cat’s litter box as clean as possible is essential. Cats can smell far better than humans, and the litter box odors can quickly become overwhelming. Daily scooping is necessary for clumping and non-clumping products, and the litter must be regularly thrown out and replaced.

Litter boxes also need to be cleaned weekly with soap and water to eliminate bacteria and odors. Most models last several years, but if the plastic retains odors after cleaning, replace it with a new litter box.

Combating tough cat litter smells is an ongoing battle for pet parents but luckily, there are products out there designed to help! Two products that significantly reduce odors are the Hepper Litter Additive and the Hepper Enzyme Spray. Find out which is better suit to your needs with our breakdown of each product below. 

Hepper Enzyme Spray - New Label Hepper Litter additive
Hepper Advanced Bio-Enzyme Pet Stain & Odor Eliminator Spray Hepper Advanced Bio-Enzyme Cat Litter Deodorizer Powder
Eliminates smells
Eliminates smells:
Eliminates smells:
Removes stains
Removes stains:
Removes stains:
Light fresh scent
Light fresh scent:
Light fresh scent:
Works on multiple surfaces
Works on multiple surfaces:
Works on multiple surfaces:
Neutralizes odor within cat litter
Neutralizes odor within cat litter:
Neutralizes odor within cat litter:

At Catster, we’ve admired Hepper for many years and decided to take a controlling ownership interest so that we could benefit from the outstanding designs of this cool cat company!

7. Clean Up Accidents Thoroughly

If your cat uses the bathroom on the floor or carpet, you can use an enzymatic cleaning product that prevents them from returning to the same spot. Stay away from cleaners that have ammonia or other toxic ingredients.

Image Credit: cunaplus, Shutterstock

8. Make Preferred Elimination Locations Unattractive

Cats that like to pee in specific spots can be deterred by making the area less inviting. Upside-down carpet runners can work since many cats don’t like to put their paws on the little bumps and aluminum foil is also sometimes used to deter cats. Placing some dried cat food in the area may also help prevent your cat from continuing to use the location as a bathroom.

9. Avoid Punishment

Litter box issues can emerge when anxious cats aren’t comfortable in their environments. They can be remedied by determining what is upsetting your cat and resolving it.

For instance, moving the litter box to an area with less foot traffic provides more privacy and convinces your cat that they’re in a safe location. Punishment rarely works with cats, can increase their stress, and makes further litter box issues more likely.

10. Try Different Litter Depths

Many cats prefer to have about 2 inches of litter in their boxes. However, it depends on your cat’s preferences, and some cats may prefer far more litter in their boxes than others.

PetFusion BetterBox Non-Stick Cat Litter Box

11. Use a Large Litter Box

Cats generally like nice, roomy litter boxes with plenty of space to dig and turn around. Providing a larger litter box may change your cat’s opinion about their bathroom facilities.

12. Avoid Using Liners in Standard Litter Boxes

Although litter box liners are required for some types of litter, they shouldn’t be used with clay litter in standard models. Some owners think they’ll have to scoop the waste less if they have liners, but daily scooping reduces odors and makes the box more appealing to your cat.

13. Get Help If You Need It

If you’ve ruled out medical issues and tried everything under the sun, but still can’t seem to get your buddy to head back to their litter box, consider enlisting the help of a veterinary behavioral specialist. They can identify what’s causing the problem and create a plan to retrain your cat to use the litter box.

Professional handsome male vet smiling joyfully talking to his female client after examining her cat
Image Credit: Nestor Rizhniak, Shutterstock


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Inappropriate elimination is a common issue in cats, but it can be corrected by visiting your vet for an examination and providing your cat with bathroom facilities they’re happy to use in an environment that meets their needs.

After determining that the problem isn’t related to a health issue, you can use our tips to convince your cat to return to the litter box. However, veterinary behaviorists can help if your efforts are unsuccessful.

See Also: 

Featured Image Credit: Lightspruch, Shutterstock

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