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Can Cats Eat Roast Beef? Vet Reviewed Benefits & Concerns

Written by: Kathryn Copeland

Last Updated on June 6, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

roasted beef

Can Cats Eat Roast Beef? Vet Reviewed Benefits & Concerns

VET APPROVED

Dr. Lorna Whittemore Photo

REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Lorna Whittemore

BVMS, MRCVS (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

Learn more »

It’s difficult to ignore the urge to spoil our pets. After all, we do it all the time for ourselves, so we want to give our lovely cat a tasty treat from our plate.

But before you give human food to your cat, it’s wise to look it up first so you know that it won’t hurt your pet. So, is roast beef safe for cats? Roast beef can be safe for your cat to eat, but it depends on how it is prepared. Any seasonings used can be toxic to cats, for example.

Here, we get into everything beef and cats, so you know how to best prepare this meat if you plan on giving any to your cat.

cat paw divider

How Is Roast Beef Beneficial for Cats?

Cats are obligate carnivores and receive essential vitamins and minerals from animal protein to keep them healthy. Experts are clear about the importance of cats eating meat: if they don’t eat enough, there’s a risk of health problems and possibly death1. This makes roast beef a healthy treat for most cats, as it’s full of precisely what cats need: protein from an animal source.

Being an obligate carnivore means cats depend on getting amino acids and vitamins from meat that they don’t make on their own:

  • Vitamin A: Cats need to eat meat to get vitamin A into their systems. They don’t have effective enzymes to synthesize this essential vitamin, so they receive vitamin A by ingesting meat. Cats can lose their vision without it, and vitamin A has antioxidant properties and supports healthy skin.
  • Taurine: The only way that cats receive taurine is through animal protein. It is vital for heart and vision health.
  • Arginine: Like taurine, cats can’t produce the amino acid arginine. Without arginine, ammonia can build up, which will lead to lethargy, drooling, vomiting, and convulsions.

That said, while beef has its benefits for cats, there is a right way and a wrong way to serve it.

Person Slicing Meat on Brown Chopping Board
Image Credit: Los Muertos Crew, Shutterstock

cat paw dividerWhat Are the Issues With Giving Roast Beef to Cats? 3 Main Concerns

1. Food Allergies

Some cats might have difficulty eating roast beef, particularly if they suffer from food sensitivities. There are cats that might have a beef allergy, so check with your vet before introducing your cat to any new food.


2. Seasonings

Any roast beef that you give your cat probably can’t be straight from your plate due to the possible seasonings that it’s been cooked with. Many recipes for roast beef call for onions and garlic, which are highly toxic to cats.

The same goes for salt and alcohol, as many recipes call for red wine. There likely isn’t enough alcohol or salt in one piece of roast beef to seriously harm your cat, but it isn’t worth the risk.


3. Trimming

Before giving your cat any roast beef, it should have no seasonings whatsoever. It should be trimmed of any visible fat, and there shouldn’t be any bones or bone fragments in the meat.

The fat can lead to obesity and irritate the gastrointestinal tract and, potentially, the pancreas. This can also possibly cause pancreatitis.

Any bones left in the meat might get caught in the cat’s gut, leading to a blockage that could require immediate surgery. Additionally, sharp pieces of bone can puncture the mouth and GI tract.

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What About Raw Beef?

Raw beef has the risk of food-borne illnesses. The American Veterinary Medical Association discourages feeding your pets any food that hasn’t been cooked enough to eliminate harmful pathogens.

Raw meat can potentially give your cat Salmonella, E. coli, Campylobacter, and Listeria, as well as parasites like Toxoplasma gondii.

Feeding raw beef or any meat to your cat isn’t a good idea. You will also be subjected to the same illnesses by handling raw meat. If you still want to try giving your pets raw meat, follow USFD’s guidelines for handling raw food.

raw beef cubes
Image Credit: PDPhotos, Pixabay

cat paw dividerWhat Should I Do if My Cat Eats My Roast Beef?

If your cat snatched roast beef from your plate or kitchen counter, particularly if it had seasonings or was raw, observe your cat carefully for the following signs:

  • Pale gums
  • Lethargy
  • Increased respiratory rate
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Weakness
  • Stomach upset (stomach pain, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.)
  • Collapse
  • Low body temperature
  • Tremors
  • Excessive thirst and urination

If your cat starts exhibiting any of these signs after eating roast beef, take them immediately to the vet or closest emergency clinic.

cat paw dividerGiving Beef to Your Cat

The best way to give beef to your cat is via cat food. Beef cat food manufacturers add the right number of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients to give your cat a balanced diet. Both dry and wet cat foods can have beef flavors that your cat will love.

Your cat can’t eat roast beef as a part of their main diet because it doesn’t contain all the right nutrients for your cat to thrive. If you would like to give roast beef to your cat as an occasional treat, that should be fine, as long as you prepare it properly.

Try browning ground beef and adding it as a topper to your cat’s regular food on occasion. Just remember to cook it thoroughly and not add any other ingredients. If you want to give your cat a few pieces of roast beef, cut a few small pieces off the main beef and place them in your cat’s bowl.

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Conclusion

Your cat’s diet must always contain animal meat, so roast beef is technically safe for cats to eat, but it’s not recommended due to the fact that it’s typically seasoned with ingredients that can be toxic to cats. It is not, however, a fully balanced diet on its own, so 90% of what your cat eats should be complete and balanced cat food.

Be sure to remove all fat and bones and cook it thoroughly to remove harmful parasites and bacteria. It should be cooked with no seasonings whatsoever. If your cat snags a piece of seasoned roast beef, they will likely be fine, but watch them carefully over the next 24 hours.

Double-check with your vet before you decide to switch up your cat’s diet. If your cat does seem to have an adverse reaction to beef or any other food, this necessitates a visit to the vet.

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Featured Image Credit: Shutterbug75, Pixabay

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