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Purebred vs Mixed Breed Cats: Pros, Cons & Which To Choose?

Written by: Jordyn Alger

Last Updated on April 11, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

Purebred vs Mixed Breed Cat

Purebred vs Mixed Breed Cats: Pros, Cons & Which To Choose?

Are you in the process of bringing a new kitten into your home? If so, you know that there are countless questions that need to be answered before you can bring your new furry friend home. For instance, what kind of cat do you want? Do you want a specific breed, or are you more interested in adding a mixed breed to your family?

In this article, we’ll discuss the differences between purebred and mixed-breed cats. We’ll also look at the pros and cons so that by the end, you can decide which is best for you.

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Purebred vs Mixed Breed Cat side by side
Image Credit: (L) Borkin Vadim, Shutterstock | (R) Moomusician, Shutterstock

Overview of Purebred Cats

Although around 40 purebred cat breeds are officially recognized by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), purebred cats aren’t as commonly thought of when searching for a family cat. However, just like mixed-breed cats, purebred cats are excellent pets.

The main difference between purebred cats and mixed-breed cats is their predictability. Purebreds are more predictable regarding personality, appearance, and health, which we’ll discuss below.

White Persian Cat sitting on a blue background
Image Credit: Oleksandr Volchanskyi, Shutterstock

Personality and Appearance

One of the advantages of owning a purebred cat is that you can be fairly confident in how they’ll turn out. Purebred cats are selectively bred from other purebreds, resulting in a standard temperament and appearance within the breed.

If you know what you’re looking for, you can search for a purebred cat that best suits your situation. For example, if you want a low-shedding cat, plenty of short-coated or hairless purebreds shed minimally or not at all. Similarly, if you want a cuddly lap cat, you can search for a purebred breed known for being exceptionally affectionate.

Russian Blue Cat standing on a white background
Image Credit: Kirill Vorobyev, Shutterstock


Something to consider with purebred cats is that they tend to have more health issues than the average mixed-breed cat. Purebred cats often inherit genetic conditions that the breed is predisposed to develop. While your purebred cat may live their whole life without experiencing hereditary conditions, it is always a possibility. And compared to mixed breeds, it is generally more likely.

  • Personality traits can be anticipated
  • Predictable coat type, fur length, and general appearance


  • Prone to hereditary conditions

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Overview of Mixed Breed Cats

The definition of a mixed-breed cat can be stretched depending on who you talk to. Some cats are thrown into the large category of mixed breeds, such as hybrids with two purebred cats as parents or domestic cats with unknown heritage.

Since there is such a large variety of cats under the umbrella term “mixed breed,” there are endless possibilities regarding a mixed breed’s personality, appearance, and more. Their uniqueness is part of the reason so many people cherish mixed-breed cats as family pets.

Ragdoll mixed cat
Image Credit: T.Irina, Shutterstock

Personality and Appearance

Some pet owners may view unpredictability as a fun bonus, but others may see it as a potentially worrying downside. Regardless, it is important to note that mixed-breed cats tend to be less predictable than purebreds in terms of temperament and appearance.

If you are looking for a cat with specific qualities, you’ll need to be prepared for a mixed breed to develop in ways you hadn’t anticipated. As mixed-breed cats grow, their size, fur color, temperament, and other characteristics can change.

Maine Coon mix cat indoor near the window
Image Credit: Kit Leong, Shutterstock


A benefit to owning a mixed-breed is that they are less likely to develop inherited congenital diseases. Although this doesn’t make a mixed breed cat exempt from all health conditions, it improves their chances of avoiding genetic issues.

Mixed-breed cats may also be less likely to develop behavioral issues. However, there have been instances when mixed-breed kittens are born with congenital hereditary traits passed down from somewhere in their lineage.

  • Less prone to hereditary conditions
  • Generally easy to find


  • Unpredictable in terms of personality and appearance

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Purebred Cats vs Mixed Breed Cats: Which Is Right for You?

Neither purebred cats nor mixed-breed cats are superior to the other. Deciding which is right for you depends on your personal preferences and lifestyle needs. Some considerations to remember when choosing between purebreds and mixed breeds are the price, care needs, and the breed’s rarity.

Difference in Price

If price is a big factor in your decision-making, keep in mind that purebred cats are more expensive than mixed-breed cats. You can find a mixed-breed cat at your local animal shelter, whereas most purebred cats are available from breeders, which can be expensive.

Specific Care Needs

No two purebred cats are the same. If you bring a purebred cat into your home, you will need to be prepared to provide them with the specific care they need. You’ll want to research dietary requirements, exercise needs, training abilities, grooming care, and more to ensure that you can provide for your cat’s needs.

Common or Uncommon?

Mixed-breed cats are incredibly common and not hard to find. Purebred cats aren’t always a challenge to bring home, but some can be difficult to find, depending on the breed’s rarity.

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Purebreds and mixed breeds can make excellent family pets. While they may have differences in personality, appearance, and health, how you raise and train them will influence the bulk of their behavior and character. As long as you treat your cat well and provide them with a stable upbringing, you can have a remarkable companion regardless of their heritage.

Featured Image Credit: (L) Nils Jacobi, Shutterstock | (R) Kristens Designs, Shutterstock

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