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How to Train Your Kitten to Use the Litter Box: 4 Easy Tips

Written by: Christian Adams

Last Updated on February 21, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

kitten in a litter box

How to Train Your Kitten to Use the Litter Box: 4 Easy Tips

If your cat is going to live inside, it’s absolutely essential that they’re properly trained to use the litter box. Cat urine has an incredibly strong and pungent odor that you don’t want wafting through your home. The easiest way to avoid this is with proper litter training. Luckily, cats are smart creatures, and they’re already inclined to use the litter box; they just need a little help to learn how.

Litter training is something that almost all cats go through. It’s a relatively simple process, but it should be started the moment that your new kitten arrives at your home. In this article, we will walk you through the steps you must take to properly litter train your kitten.

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Necessary Supplies

Before you can start litter training your kitty companion, you’ll need to gather a few supplies.

Litter Box

Obviously, the litter box is one of the most important supplies you’ll need to litter train your kitty. Cats prefer a deep box that you can fit at least 3 inches of litter inside. The litter box must be large enough for your cat to walk inside and turn around without touching the top or sides. They must also be able to dig in the litter without touching clumped waste or the sides of the box. Placement of your litter box is also important. Cats prefer for their litter box to be located in a quiet, calm place that’s easily accessible.

Owner cleaning cat litter box at home
Image Credit: Pixel-Shot, Shutterstock

Kitty Litter

Once you start scoping out different kitty litters, you’ll notice that there’s no shortage of options. In fact, there are so many options that it can be pretty daunting. Some are cheap, and others are quite expensive. They can be made out of a variety of materials, including clay, pine pellets, paper, and more.

Some cats are very particular about their litter. Others will be fine with just about any litter. But in general, most cats prefer unscented litter. Fine grit litters that clump easily are usually recommended.


You’ll want to use positive reinforcement to help train your kitty to use the litter box. This means that you’ll want to keep some treats or toys on hand to use as rewards when your kitty does a good job. You’ll need to wean your kitty off of the treats after they become proficient at using the litter box, but using a small treat or toy as a reward can create positive associations in your cat’s mind regarding the use of the litter box.

woman giving treat to her cat
Image Credit: Julija Sulkovska, Shutterstock

Litter Scoop

Cleaning and maintenance of the litter box are necessary. Natural cleaners like vinegar can be used when the litter box needs full cleaning, but the most common cleaning you’ll perform is scooping out the clumped litter and waste with a litter scoop.

Enzyme Cleaner & Litter Deodorizer

During the process of litter training, your cat will likely have a few accidents. This is to be expected, and it’s not a big deal. However, cat urine has a very strong odor that will stick around long after you clean it up. This can entice your cat to return to that area to urinate again. You’ll need to prevent this by eliminating the odor using a powerful enzyme cleaner and a litter deodorizer.

Combating tough cat litter smells is an ongoing battle for pet parents but luckily, there are products out there designed to help! Two products that significantly reduce odors are the Hepper Litter Additive and the Hepper Enzyme Spray. Find out which is better suit to your needs with our breakdown of each product below. 

Hepper Enzyme Spray - New Label Hepper Litter additive
Hepper Advanced Bio-Enzyme Pet Stain & Odor Eliminator Spray Hepper Advanced Bio-Enzyme Cat Litter Deodorizer Powder
Eliminates odors
Eliminates odors:
Eliminates odors:
Removes stains
Removes stains:
Removes stains:
Dry/powder form
Dry/powder form:
Dry/powder form:
Wet/liquid solution
Wet/liquid solution:
Wet/liquid solution:
Works on multiple surfaces
Works on multiple surfaces:
Works on multiple surfaces:
Combats odor inside your cat's litter
Combats odor inside your cat's litter:
Combats odor inside your cat's litter:

At Catster, we’ve admired Hepper for many years and decided to take a controlling ownership interest so that we could benefit from the outstanding designs of this cool cat company!

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Cleaning Frequency

Your cat’s litter box will require daily, weekly, monthly, and annual cleaning. Each day, you’ll need to scoop out the clumps and waste. Some cats prefer for this to be done even more frequently. Each week, you’ll need to empty all the litter and replace it with a fresh batch.

Once per month, you’ll need to completely clean the litter box. Remove all of the litter and scrub the box with mild soap or white vinegar before refilling it and returning it to its normal place. And every year, it’s a good idea to replace the litter box with a new one.

Cleaning cat litter box
Image Credit: Zoran Photographer, Shutterstock

What if Your Cat Has an Accident?

It’s almost a given that your cat will end up having an accident somewhere in your house during litter training. When this happens, you mustn’t punish your cat. Instead, you should use an enzyme cleaner on the area to eliminate the odor of waste. Then, ensure that your cat’s litter box is clean and easily accessible. Unless the accidents become a regular habit, there’s no reason for alarm.

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How to Litter Train a Kitten

Before you bring your kitten home, you should have gathered all of the necessary materials and determined where you will place the litter box.

1. Present the Litter Box

The moment your cat arrives at your home, let them see the litter boxes. They should already be in place. This will allow your cat to start understanding where they’re at. If you move the litter box after presenting it to your cat, it could become confusing.

kittens in cat litter box
Image Credit: Kachalkina Veronika, Shutterstock

2. After Meals and Naps

Once your cat has seen the litter boxes and knows where they are, it’s time to start putting your cat inside the litter box at appropriate times. You’ll want to put your cat in the litter box directly after meals and naps. And, of course, if you see your cat sniffing around or crouching like they need to go, pick them up and place them in the litter box. Your cat will quickly figure out what to do.

3. Rewards and Praise

You must create a positive association with the litter box. So, whenever your cat uses the litter box, shower them with praise. You can also provide a toy or treat that will further increase the positive association, though you’ll need to eventually wean your cat off of these rewards.

ginger kitten eats a treat_Marinka buronka_shutterstock
Image Credit: Marinka Buronka Shutterstock

4. Forgo Punishment

Make sure you don’t punish your cat for accidents. This can lead to stress and anxiety, which will only worsen the problem. If you punish your cat, they won’t associate with the accident they had. Instead, they’ll just become fearful of you—the opposite of what you want.

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Litter training is a simple process that all house cats go through. It requires a little bit of diligence, but anyone can do it. Make sure you gather all of your supplies before you bring your kitten home. That way, you can start litter training immediately. Once your cat is fully litter trained, they’ll be a much more rewarding pet, and you’ll have a much cleaner, odor-free home.

Featured Image Credit: Africa Studio, Shutterstock

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