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6 Egyptian Cat Breeds: Pictures, Facts & History

Written by: Christian Adams

Last Updated on June 11, 2024 by Catster Editorial Team

Egyptian Maus

6 Egyptian Cat Breeds: Pictures, Facts & History

Felines are first pictured in ancient Egyptian art that dates as far back as 1950 B.C.E.,1 and they were important to ancient Egyptians more than 4,000 years ago. That’s a long time ago, but it turns out that cats have been living with us for thousands of years before this ancient civilization even existed.

According to new evidence, however, the Egyptians likely made cats popular and helped them expand their domain further into the world. They may be responsible for a second domestication of the species.

Despite Egypt’s massive role in the domestication and popularization of cats as pets, very few prominent breeds today have their roots in this desert land. Let’s take a closer look at six breeds that can be traced back to Egypt.

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The 6 Egyptian Cat Breeds

1. Egyptian Mau

egyptian mau
Image Credit: MDavidova, Shutterstock

With a name like Egyptian Mau, it’s obvious where they come from. You could say that they’re the most Egyptian of all the modern cat breeds, and they have a history that likely dates back to at least 1500 B.C.E.

Spotted cats that look strikingly similar to Egyptian Maus have been found in ancient Egyptian texts and paintings that show the breed was worshipped several centuries ago.

Egyptian Mau Facts:
  • The Egyptian Mau was nearly wiped out in WWII.
  • A Russian princess saved the breed with an Egyptian Mau that was a gift.
  • They’re the only domestic cat that’s naturally spotted.
  • Egyptian Maus are the fastest of all domestic house cats, clocked at speeds up to 30 mph.

2. Shirazi

Head to Egypt, and you’ll see several Shirazi cats roaming the streets. If the myths and ancient legends are true, the Shirazi’s origin might date back many centuries to the time when Egypt was part of the Persian empire. The breed isn’t registered, but they’re a common sight in their homeland.

Shirazi Cat Facts:
  • Shirazis are a cross between the Egyptian Mau and Persian.
  • They have colors and markings similar to Egyptian Maus.
  • They’re known for being calmer than Maus.
  • They mix the best traits of both parent breeds.

3. Abyssinian

Abyssinian cat
Image Credit: Pandora Pictures, Shutterstock

It’s believed, though not proven, that Abyssinians are native to ancient Egypt, mainly due to their uncanny resemblance to the African wildcat that is their closest ancestor. Though the roots of this breed originated in the Nile Valley, they were developed in Great Britain when a cat was brought back from Abyssinia, modern-day Ethiopia, after a military expedition.

Abyssinian Cat Facts:
  • WWII almost caused the Abyssinian’s extinction.
  • Feline leukemia nearly wiped them out again after repopulation post-WWII.
  • They have a ticked coat that gives them a cougar-like appearance.
  • Despite being susceptible to several health problems, Abyssinians can live over 15 years.

4. Nile Valley Egyptian Cat

nile valley egyptian stray cat_Rodrigo Munoz Sanchez_shutterstock
Image Credit: Rodrigo Munoz Sanchez, Shutterstock

There’s controversy surrounding the Nile Valley Egyptian Cat. Essentially, they’re a feral cat breed discovered in Egypt. Some consider them to be Egyptian Maus, but The International Cat Association has recognized them as an experimental breed.

The Egyptian authorities are attempting to eradicate the Nile Valley Egyptian Cat, but ongoing rescue efforts are attempting to prevent this from happening.

Nile Valley Egyptian Cat Facts:
  • There’s a rescue group dedicated to rehoming the cats in America.
  • The Nile Valley Egyptian Cat can be identified by the mantle on their back and sides, which has a different pattern from the rest of their body.
  • They come in various colors and patterns with long and short hair.

5. Chausie

Chausie, abyssinian cat
Image Credit: Tania__Wild, Shutterstock

This breed was created by crossing a jungle cat native to the Nile Delta with domesticated cats. In Latin, the jungle cat is called Felis chaus, which is where the Chausie derives their name from.

Felis chaus jungle cats have been found preserved in several ancient Egyptian temples, showing that the Egyptians prized them before they were even bred into the Chausie we know today.

Chause Cat Facts:
  • They’re one of the largest breeds of domestic cats, sometimes weighing as much as 25 pounds.
  • Chausies are one of the few cats known to love water.
  • In 2013, the International Cat Association finally bestowed Championship status upon the Chausie.

6. Savannah Cat

Savannah kitten
Image Credit: Kolomenskaya Kseniya, Shutterstock

Savannah cats are some of the largest of all domestic cat breeds. They can weigh up to 25 pounds and look like their wildcat ancestors with their distinctly wild appearance. The Savannah was created by crossing a domestic cat with a Serval. There’s no proof that this breed comes directly from Egypt, but Servals have a prominent history in Egypt, so it is likely, or at least possible.

In ancient Egypt, Servals were exotic gifts, and they were traded as far back as the reign of Tutankhamun.

Savannah Cat Facts:
  • Early generations are the largest, and subsequent generations are closer to the size of an average house cat.
  • They have strong hunting instincts and are not ideal for houses with birds, fish, gerbils, and other small pets.
  • Thanks to their wild origins, Savannah cats are one of only a handful of felines known to love water.

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There may not be many breeds today that come from Egypt, but it’s possible that all domesticated cats today owe the ancient Egyptians for their cushy lives of luxury. If the Egyptian Mau was the only Egyptian breed you knew before this article, then hopefully now you’ve got a clearer picture of some of the fabulous felines that can trace their lineage back to this country that may well be responsible for today’s domesticated cats.

Related Reads:

Featured Image Credit: Sarah Fields Photography, Shutterstock

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