Miss Azurine(Bluies class room) welcome

  
Azurine- Ambrosia

I DID NOT DO IT
 
 
Purred: Fri Apr 27, '07 1:17pm PST 
applauseshe rushes in to make sure all the tables have been set up, that there is at least four stoves and ovens. refrigerator and freezer..
Then she checks the cubboards for dishware and pots andpans and all etc.. she checks her food supplies.. she sets out little basic cook books for the kitties and with luck Sam will help teach her baking cake course too.. she is so good at it. and Skylar will come in one day and talk about resturants and how they work.. maybe some chefs like Emerio and RAchel and Sarah..
she puts little gift packs out for all of them, catnip tea, little measuring spoons and bowls.. a a tiny cook book.. hopefully they will make and publish their own cookbook.... Bluie rushes out so to be back in the morning.snoopy

Azurine- Ambrosia

I DID NOT DO IT
 
 
Purred: Mon Apr 30, '07 6:33am PST 
Welcome all.
Bluie comes in and looks around. she knows class will be showing up soon. There is not time limit, it will be all day.. she sets up a film to run at the begining of class. it shows some of the famous chefs and how they became that way..
Then she places a stack of cook books on one desk for each student to take..
Todays class will be basic instruction:
equiment used
how to measure
how to read receipes..
She puts some fresh flowers around the room..
then she sits back and has some cat nip tea//cloud 9

Azurine- Ambrosia

I DID NOT DO IT
 
 
Purred: Mon Apr 30, '07 8:11am PST 
eekcooking terms A_Z
please study and ask any questions you need. Miss Bluie typiest has a doctor Appt. this afternoon but will be back later. she expects to see lots of questions.




Aerate
A synonym for sift; to pass ingredients through a fine-mesh device to break up large pieces and to incorporate air into the ingredients to make them lighter.

Al dente
"To the tooth," in Italian. The pasta is cooked just enough to maintain a firm, chewy texture.






Bake
To cook in the oven. Food is cooked slowly with gentle heat, causing the natural moisture to evaporate slowly, concentrating the flavor.

Baste
To brush or spoon liquid fat or juices over meat during roasting to add flavor and to prevent it from drying out.
Batter
A mixture of flour, fat, and liquid that is thin enough in consistency to require a pan to encase it. Used in such preparations as cakes and some cookies. A batter is different from dough, which maintains its shape.

Beat
To smoothen a mixture by briskly whipping or stirring it with a spoon, fork, wire whisk, rotary beater, or electric mixer.

Bias-slice
To slice a food crosswise at a 45-degree angle.

Bind
To thicken a sauce or hot liquid by stirring in ingredients such as eggs, flour, butter, or cream.

Blackened
A popular Cajun-style cooking method in which seasoned foods are cooked over high heat in a super-heated heavy skillet until charred.

Blanch
To boil briefly to loosen the skin of a fruit or a vegetable. After 30 seconds in boiling water, the fruit or vegetable should be plunged into ice water to stop the cooking action, and then the skin easily slices off.



Blend
To mix or fold two or more ingredients together to obtain equal distribution throughout the mixture.

Boil
To cook food in heated water or other liquid that is bubbling vigorously.

Braise
A cooking technique that requires browning meat in oil or other fat and then cooking slowly in liquid. The effect of braising is to tenderize the meat.

Bread
To coat the food with crumbs (usually with soft or dry bread crumbs), sometimes seasoned.

Broil
To cook food directly under the heat source.

Broth or stock
A flavorful liquid made by gently cooking meat, seafood, or vegetables (and/or their by-products, such as bones and trimming) often with herbs, in liquid, usually water.

Brown
A quick sautéing, pan/oven broiling, or grilling method done either at the beginning or end of meal preparation, often to enhance flavor, texture, or eye appeal.

Brush
Using a pastry brush, to coat a food such as meat or bread with melted butter, glaze, or other liquid.

Bundt pan
The generic name for any tube baking pan having fluted sides (though it was once a trademarked name).

Butterfly
To cut open a food such as pork chops down the center without cutting all the way through, and then spread apart.





Caramelization
Browning sugar over a flame, with or without the addition of some water to aid the process. The temperature range in which sugar caramelizes is approximately 320º F to 360º F (160º C to 182º C).

Chiffon
Pie filling made light and fluffy with stabilized gelatin and beaten egg whites.

Chop
To cut into irregular pieces.

Clarify
Remove impurities from butter or stock by heating the liquid, then straining or skimming it.

Coat
To evenly cover food with flour, crumbs, or a batter.

Coddle
A cooking method in which foods (such as eggs) are put in separate containers and placed in a pan of simmering water for slow, gentle cooking.

Combine
To blend two or more ingredients into a single mixture.

Confit
To slowly cook pieces of meat in their own gently rendered fat.

Core
To remove the inedible center of fruits such as pineapples.

Cream
To beat vegetable shortening, butter, or margarine, with or without sugar, until light and fluffy. This process traps in air bubbles, later used to create height in cookies and cakes.



Crimp
To create a decorative edge on a piecrust. On a double piecrust, this also seals the edges together.

Crisp
To restore the crunch to foods; vegetables such as celery and carrots can be crisped with an ice water bath, and foods such as stale crackers can be heated in a medium oven.

Crush
To condense a food to its smallest particles, usually using a mortar and pestle or a rolling pin.

Crystallize
To form sugar- or honey-based syrups into crystals. The term also describes the coating.

Curd
Custard-like pie or tart filling flavored with juice and zest of citrus fruit, usually lemon, although lime and orange may also be used.

Curdle
To cause semisolid pieces of coagulated protein to develop in food, usually as a result of the addition of an acid substance, or the overheating of milk or egg-based sauces.

Cure
To preserve or add flavor with an ingredient, usually salt and/or sugar.

Custard
A mixture of beaten egg, milk, and possibly other ingredients such as sweet or savory flavorings, which is cooked with gentle heat, often in a water bath or double boiler. As pie filling, the custard is frequently cooked and chilled before being layered into a prebaked crust.

Cut in
To work vegetable shortening, margarine, or butter into dry ingredients.





Dash
A measure approximately equal to 1/16 teaspoon.

Deep-fry
To completely submerge the food in hot oil.

Deglaze
To add liquid to a pan in which foods have been fried or roasted, in order to dissolve the caramelized juices stuck to the bottom of the pan.

Devil
To add hot or spicy ingredients such as cayenne pepper or Tabasco sauce to a food.

Dice
To cut into cubes.

Direct heat
A cooking method that allows heat to meet food directly, such as grilling, broiling, or toasting.

Dot
To sprinkle food with small bits of an ingredient such as butter to allow for even melting.

Dough
A combination of ingredients including flour, water or milk, and, sometimes, a leavener, producing a firm but workable mixture for making baked goods.

Dredge
To sprinkle lightly and evenly with sugar or flour. A dredger has holes pierced on the lid to sprinkle evenly.

Drizzle
To pour a liquid such as a sweet glaze or melted butter in a slow, light trickle over food.

Drippings
Used for gravies and sauces, drippings are the liquids left in the bottom of a roasting or frying pan after meat is cooked.

Dust
To sprinkle food lightly with spices, sugar, or flour for a light coating.





Egg wash
A mixture of beaten eggs (yolks, whites, or whole eggs) with either milk or water. Used to coat cookies and other baked goods to give them a shine when baked.

Emulsion
A mixture of liquids, one being a fat or oil and the other being water based so that tiny globules of one are suspended in the other. This may involve the use of stabilizers, such as egg or mustard. Emulsions may be temporary or permanent.

Entrée
A French term that originally referred to the first course of a meal, served after the soup and before the meat courses. In the United States, it refers to the main dish of a meal.





Fillet
To remove the bones from meat or fish for cooking.

Filter
To remove lumps, excess liquid, or impurities by passing through paper or cheesecloth.

Firm-ball stage
In candy making, the point where boiling syrup dropped in cold water forms a ball that is compact yet gives slightly to the touch.

Flambé
To ignite a sauce or other liquid so that it flames.

Flan
An open pie filled with sweet or savory ingredients; also, a Spanish dessert of baked custard covered with caramel.

Flute
To create a decorative scalloped or undulating edge on a piecrust or other pastry.

Fold
To cut and mix lightly with a spoon to keep as much air in the mixture as possible.

Fricassee
Usually a stew in which the meat is cut up, lightly cooked in butter, and then simmered in liquid until done.

Fritter
Sweet or savory foods coated or mixed into batter, then deep fried (also, in French, beignet).

Frizzle
To cook thin slices of meat in hot oil until crisp and slightly curly.

Fry
To cook food in hot cooking oil, usually until a crisp brown crust forms.





Ganache
A rich chocolate filling or coating made with chocolate, vegetable shortening, and possibly heavy cream. It can coat cakes or cookies, and be used as a filling for truffles.

Garnish
A decorative piece of an edible ingredient such as parsley, lemon wedges, croutons, or chocolate curls placed as a finishing touch to dishes or drinks.

Glaze
A liquid that gives an item a shiny surface. Examples are fruit jams that have been heated or chocolate thinned with melted vegetable shortening. Also, to cover a food with such a liquid.

Gluten
A protein formed when hard wheat flour is moistened and agitated. Gluten is what gives yeast dough its characteristic elasticity.

Grate
To shred or cut down a food into fine pieces by rubbing it against a rough surface.

Gratin
To bind together or combine food with a liquid such as cream, milk, béchamel sauce, or tomato sauce, in a shallow dish. The mixture is then baked until cooked and set.

Grease
To coat a pan or skillet with a thin layer of oil.

Grill
To cook over the heat source (traditionally over wood coals) in the open air.

Grind
To mechanically cut a food into small pieces.





Hard-ball stage
In candy making, the point at which syrup has cooked long enough to form a solid ball in cold water.

Hull (also husk)
To remove the leafy parts of soft fruits, such as strawberries or blackberries.





Ice
To cool down cooked food by placing in ice; also, to spread frosting on a cake.

Infusion
Extracting flavors by soaking them in liquid heated in a covered pan. The term also refers to the liquid resulting from this process.





Jell (also gel)
To cause a food to set or solidify, usually by adding gelatin.

Jerk or Jamaican jerk seasoning
A dry mixture of various spices such as chilies, thyme, garlic, onions, and cinnamon or cloves used to season meats such as chicken or pork.

Julienne
To cut into long, thin strips.

Jus
The natural juices released by roasting meats.





Knead
To work dough with the heels of your hands in a pressing and folding motion until it becomes smooth and elastic.






Larding
Inserting strips of fat into pieces of meat, so that the braised meat stays moist and juicy.

Leavener
An ingredient or process that produces air bubbles and causes the rising of baked goods such as cookies and cakes.

Line
To place layers of edible (cake or bread slices) or inedible (foil or wax paper) ingredients in a pan to provide structure for a dish or to prevent sticking.

Loin
A cut of meat that typically comes from the back of the animal.





Marble
To gently swirl one food into another.

Marinate
To combine food with aromatic ingredients to add flavor.

Marzipan
A paste (of ground almonds, sugar, and egg whites) used to fill and decorate pastries.

Mash
To beat or press a food to remove lumps and make a smooth mixture.

Medallion
A small round or oval bit of meat.

Meringue
Egg whites beaten until they are stiff, then sweetened. It can be used as the topping for pies, or baked as cookies.

Mince
To chop food into tiny, irregular pieces.

Mix
To beat or stir two or more foods together until they are thoroughly combined.

Moisten
Adding enough liquid to dry ingredients to dampen but not soak them.

Mull
To slowly heat wine or cider with spices and sugar.





Panbroil
To cook a food in a skillet without added fat, removing any fat as it accumulates.

Panfry
To cook in a hot pan with small amount of hot oil, butter, or other fat, turning the food over once or twice.

Parboil
To partly cook in a boiling liquid.

Parchment
A heavy, heat-resistant paper used in cooking.

Pare
To peel or trim a food, usually vegetables.

Peaks
The mounds made in a mixture. For example, egg white that has been whipped to stiffness. Peaks are "stiff" if they stay upright, or "soft" if they curl over.

Pesto
A sauce usually made of fresh basil, garlic, olive oil, pine nuts, and cheese. The ingredients are finely chopped and then mixed, uncooked, with pasta. Generally, the term refers to any uncooked sauce made of finely chopped herbs and nuts.

Pinch
Same as "dash."

Pipe
To force a semisoft food through a bag (either a pastry bag or a plastic bag with one corner cut off) to decorate food.

Pit
Using a sharp knife to take out the center stone or seed of a fruit, such as a peach or a mango.

Poach
To simmer in liquid.

Pressure cooking
A cooking method that uses steam trapped under a locked lid to produce high temperatures and achieve fast cooking time.

Proof
To let yeast dough rise.

Purée
To mash or sieve food into a thick liquid.





Ramekin
A small baking dish used for individual servings of sweet and savory dishes.

Reconstitute
To take a dried food such as milk back to its original state by adding liquid.

Reduce
To cook liquids down so that some of the water evaporates.

Refresh
To pour cold water over freshly cooked vegetables to prevent further cooking and to retain color.

Render
To melt down fat to make drippings.

Roast
To cook uncovered in the oven.

Roux
A cooked paste usually made from flour and butter used to thicken sauces.





Sauté
To cook food quickly in a small amount of oil in a skillet or sauté pan over direct heat.
Scald
Cooking a liquid such as milk to just below the point of boiling; also to loosen the skin of fruits or vegetables by dipping them in boiling water.

Score
To tenderize meat by making a number of shallow (often diagonal) cuts across its surface. This technique is also useful in marinating, as it allows for better absorption of the marinade.

Sear
Sealing in a meat's juices by cooking it quickly under very high heat.

Season
To enhance the flavor of foods by adding ingredients such as salt, pepper, oregano, basil, cinnamon, and a variety of other herbs, spices, condiments, and vinegars. Also, to treat a pot or pan (usually cast iron) with a coating of cooking oil and baking it in a 350° F oven for approximately 1 hour; this process seals any tiny rough spots on the pan's surface that may cause food to stick.

Seize
To form a thick, lumpy mass when melted (usually applied to chocolate).

Set
Let food become solid. (See also "Jell.")

Shred
To cut or tear into long narrow strips, either by hand or by using a grater or food processor.



Sift
To remove large lumps from a dry ingredient such as flour or confectioners' sugar by passing it through a fine mesh. This process also incorporates air into the ingredients, making them lighter.

Simmer
Cooking food in a liquid at a low enough temperature that small bubble begin to break the surface.

Skim
To remove the top fat layer from stocks, soups, sauces, or other liquids such as cream from milk.

Springform pan
A two-part baking pan in which a spring-loaded collar fits around a base; the collar is removed after baking is complete. Used for foods that may be difficult to remove from regular pans, such as cheesecake.

Steam
To cook over boiling water in a covered pan, this method keeps foods' shape, texture, and nutritional value intact better than methods such as boiling.

Steep
To soak dry ingredients (tea leaves, ground coffee, herbs, spices, etc.) in liquid until the flavor is infused into the liquid.

Stewing
Browning small pieces of meat, poultry, or fish, then simmering them with vegetables or other ingredients in enough liquid to cover them, usually in a closed pot on the stove, in the oven, or with a slow cooker.

Stir-Fry
The fast frying of small pieces of meat and vegetables over very high heat with continual and rapid stirring.





Thin
To reduce a mixture's thickness with the addition of more liquid.


Toss
To thoroughly combine several ingredients by mixing lightly.


Truss
To use string, skewers, or pins to hold together a food to maintain its shape while it cooks (usually applied to meat or poultry).





Unleavened
Baked goods that contain no agents to give them volume, such as baking powder, baking soda, or yeast.





Vinaigrette
A general term referring to any sauce made with vinegar, oil, and seasonings.



Water bath
A gentle cooking technique in which a container is set in a pan of simmering water. (See also "Coddle.")

Whip
To incorporate air into ingredients such as cream or egg whites by beating until light and fluffy; also refers to the utensil used for this action.

Whisk
To mix or fluff by beating; also refers to the utensil used for this action.



Zest
The thin, brightly colored outer part of the rind of citrus fruits. It contains volatile oils, used as a flavoring.


Sparky

One lucky- cat/Best cat in- the world
 
 
Purred: Tue May 1, '07 3:28pm PST 
wavewavewaveHi Bluie, it's me and Dakota. What a job you have doing all this. Great and we can learn much.applauseapplause