a gray cat's tail on a white background
Talk to the tail! What is your cat's tail trying to tell you? Photography ©Tomwang112 | Thinkstock.

Cat Tail Language: What Your Cat’s Tail Is Telling You

Let's dive into understanding cat tail language — what the movements and positions of your cat’s most intriguing appendage mean.

People who say cats aren’t very expressive and are impossible to gauge just don’t have a clue. A cat’s ears, eyes, body posture and, in particular, her tail, express exactly what she’s thinking and how she’s feeling. You just have to “listen” to cat tail language.

“Since cats are such different animals from us, understanding how they communicate isn’t something that comes naturally to humans,” says Kelly C. Ballantyne, D.V.M., D.A.C.V.B., clinical assistant professor at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine in Urbana-Champaign. “It is important that all cat owners take the time to learn because understanding how cats communicate helps us to understand them better. Once we know their body language, we can read their emotions, identify situations that cause them distress or pleasure and even identify an illness sooner.”

Once you take the time to learn and understand cat tail language and realize that careful study of cat tail signs is vital to both your and your pet’s happiness in the home, you’ll be amazed at the myriad — and very clear — signals and emotions your feline companion shares with you.

Cat tail language: The basics

Cats with their tails up.
What is your cat’s tail trying to tell you? Photography ©Cynoclub | Thinkstock.

Thankfully, animal behaviorists like Dr. Ballantyne have done exhaustive research to help guide pet owners to understand the finer points of cat tail language.

“Tails can move quickly or slowly,” she says. “A flicking or lashing tail signals that the cat is agitated, while a slowly waving tail indicates the cat is focused on something (i.e., about to pounce on a toy). “The tail-up posture — tail straight up with a slight curve at the end — is a signal that the cat is approaching amicably,” Ballantyne continues. “This posture, witnessed among feline friends, is a common way cats greet their humans.

“Cats may curve their tail around people they are bonded to and may intertwine their tails with other cats they’re bonded to. This is called an affiliative behavior.”

“Cats tuck their tails under or next to their body when they are feeling frightened. They often are crouching with their heads tucked in at the same time. We also can see these behaviors when they’re feeling pain.”

But learning cat tail language is like learning any foreign language: It takes time. If you are new to cat tail signs, you can be confused by what various tail movements and positions indicate and inadvertently upset or confound your cat.

Petting your cat around the tail area

While learning cat tail language is a must for cat owners, actually petting the cat around the area of the tail (the base of the tail or the tail itself) is not appreciated by most cats, Ballantyne says. Rather, focus all petting and scratching around the chin and ears, she adds.

Further, if during a petting session your cat’s tail starts twitching or lashing, her ears are turning back or she’s leaning away from you, these all are signals that your companion is done with this interaction, Ballantyne explains. Cats share pretty clear messages about how they’re feeling at any given moment with one of their most expressive body parts. If you take the time and effort to learn cat tail language, you’ll be talking tail like an expert in no time, bringing you and your feline companion’s relationship to greater understanding and happiness.

How to respond to cat tail language

1. Tail position: Upright, held high

A cat with an upright tail.
A cat with an upright tail. Photography ©Seregraff | Thinkstock.
    • What it means in cat tail language: Confident, happy
    • How you should act/react: Offer playtime, cuddles and treats.

2. Tail position: Curled at the top like a question mark

A cat tail curled at the top.
A cat tail curled at the top. Photography ©Photodisc | Thinkstock.
    • What it means in cat tail language: Friendly
    • How you should act/react: Offer your hand for sniffing and petting.

3. Tail position: Straight down

A cat with his tail down.
A cat with his tail down. Photography ©Ekaterina Cherkashina | Thinkstock.
  • What it means in cat tail language: Agitated, feeling aggressive
  • How you should act/react: Don’t try to engage or pet her. Try to neutralize whatever is upsetting her.

4. Tail position: Curved beneath the body

A cat with a curved tail underneath.
A cat with a curved tail. Photography by ©sakinder | Thinkstock.
  • What it means in cat tail language: Nervous and/or submissive
  • How you should act/react: Act nonchalant. Wait for her to come to you.

5. Tail position: Puffed

A black cat with a puffed or bottle brush tail.
A cat with a puffed tail. Photography ©GlobalP | Thinkstock.
  • What it means in cat tail language: Scared, agitated, angry
  • How you should act/react: Leave her alone!

6. Tail position: Whipping back and forth

A gray cat with a whipping tail.
A cat with a whipping tail. Photography by Casey Elise Photography.
  • What it means in cat tail language: Fearful; angry, aggressive
  • How you should act/react: Best not try for quality snuggle time with an angry cat.

7. Tail position: Swaying slowly from side to side/twitching

A black cat with a swaying tail.
A cat with a swaying tail. Photography by Casey Elise Photography.
  • What it means in cat tail language: Focused
  • How you should act/react: Let your captivated cat follow her interests.

The table guide to cat tail language

If a cat’s tail is… … it means he or she is
Upright Content
Up at a 45-degree angle Unsure
Angled back, moving back and forth “Good” excited or “fearful” excited (the ears and eyes can help determine which)
Upright, moving back and forth slightly Happy
Upright, tip bent Friendly
Straight, almost level with the spine Uneasy; not necessarily afraid
Hanging down, with a dip near the base Aggressive
Quickly swishing back and forth Angry
Puffed Frightened
Down at a 90-degree angle Attack mode
Tucked between the legs Scared, possibly experiencing pain
Sitting upright, tail tip is moving Alert, interested

Tell us: Did we miss any cat tail signals? How does your cat talk to you in cat tail language?

Thumbnail: Photography ©Tomwang112 | Thinkstock.

This piece was originally published in 2018. 

About the author

Ellyce Rothrock spent half her life with Flea, a Maine Coon who lived to be 21 and is missed every single day. She’s currently seeking a feline friend to manage Fritz and Mina, her German Shepherd Dog rescues. She’s lucky enough to live her passion for pets as a 25-year member of the pet media industry.

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109 thoughts on “Cat Tail Language: What Your Cat’s Tail Is Telling You”

  1. I have two cats. The older, more dominant one… she twitches her tail in an upward motion. Like her tail is straight up or about a 45 degree angle and she flicks it upward every 5 to 10 seconds for like 5 minutes or so and then stops and all is fine. Sje does this all the time.

    She did it, even before we got the second one.

    They are both female, both spayed and about a year apart in age.

    1. What about the cat's body action? Is he facing towards you, or away? Is the tail curled, or lying flat against the floor?

      Depending on these points, "meow" could mean "let's watch a movie together" or "boy am I thirsty right now."

      So getting the tone and body language right is critical!

      Finally there’s a quick guide on the bare essentials of cat communication to give you a starting point into the fascinating world of feline communication, both verbal and nonverbal

      This guide, written by a PhD animal communications expert, will help you learn a few things your cat tries to tell you every day – that you're almost certainly ignoring right now.

      Check it out here: ( https://tinyurl.com/catlanguuage2022 ) ( copy link and put it in your browser )

  2. Tail straight up and vibrating, normally looking straight up at me. It lasts for only a few seconds. He might repeat a couple of times. I think that he is happy to be with me?

    1. Yes, you are right! This was an important one left out. The upright quivering/vibrating tail is a clear "I love you' and is usually accompanied by the meeting of the eyes and/or a vocalisation (eg trill or little meow). You are a joy to be with as far as your cat is concerned! :)

      1. Sometimes the emotion gets so strong the lower 1/3 of the tail puffs out. It’s not the 360° all around Halloween cat puff of a scared kitty, only the sides puff out, leaving the top hairs laying more or less flat. It’s a unique look. We always called it “happy tail.” In cross section it’s almost like a little furry heart.

  3. Have had both dogs and cats as pets in our household. Since 1995 have had a cat as a pet with my first cat “Trixie” being a adopted albino/Siamese mix breed and was with us for 12 long years. After “Trixie’s” demise purchased a beautiful long hair Persian kitten “Matahari” who just expired last year in August 2020 and now her 12 year old kitten now a aged Tomcat ” Matata” keeps me company. Having personally had a cat since 1995 has made me observe and anticipate their body language. Author Ellyce.Rothrock cat study on “CAT TAIL LANGUAGE” is almost perfect as observed in my own cats over the decades. Thanks for this informative and educative topic.

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  6. I was wondering why a cat I am fostering usually it is curled up and back towards his head when he is happy, but sometime it literally bens back almost flat along his spine and up to the base of his head… I’ve never seen a cat who’s tail would bend in that angle if you were to move it, let alone him doing it on his own… almost like he’s double-jointed at the base of his tail.
    On doing a bit of searching apparently there is a “new breed” or cats with a mutation that causes their tail to move that way… the breed if you want to call it that is American Ringtail… It’s really weird but it does move normally like every other cat too but it’s really weird to see it laying flat along his spine.

  7. My cat Sasha a Siamese/tuxedo, she has a habit of hooking her tail at the base with tip to one side of body like a question mark. Usually she does this befor a moment of sporadic behavior. Darting about batting anything she can find or pouncing from back of chair on my min pin (I call it her kamikitty tail). What could this mean actually and is it a common part of tail language?

    1. Two of my cats are Siamese/Tuxedo (a mother &her son), especially the son has this kind of curled tail when he's afraid of something…

  8. We moved from California to Georgia. I drove with our two cats in the back of our SUV in a pet play pen. They had water, food, a litter box and a comfy place to lie down. We stayed at pet friendly hotels every night and the kitties slept with us. We arrived at our new home on the fifth day of travel. Our male cat’s tail stopped moving around on the 3rd day. There hasn’t been any injury to the tail, he is ok with us touching it and he is using the litter box. Is this perhaps psychological? Maybe when he gets more settled it will begin moving again? Our female cat is ok.

  9. My foster cat’s tail is almost always up and back, like a big “C”. She did not have a good start to life and is very active. No lap sitting. Just starting to allow herself to be picked up for a few seconds. What does the tail position mean.

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