Many people have heard the story of Koko the gorilla and her kittens. Koko uses American Sign Language to communicate with the humans at the Gorilla Foundation who care for her; in addition to knowing approximately 1,000 signs, she can understand more than 2,000 spoken English words. In 1984, she asked for — and received — a small kitten she could care for. Her human companions watched in awe as Koko treated the kitten, who she had named All Ball, as tenderly as if she was her own offspring. When All Ball was killed by a car, Koko painfully grieved at her premature loss, signing "bad, sad, bad" and "frown, cry, frown, sad."
Indeed, we can all identify with the feelings Koko experienced and spelled out, but she is only the start when it comes to the incredible relationships and bonds of interspecies parenting.
"It’s not unusual for animals to be nurturing toward other species," said John C. Wright, Ph.D., an animal behaviorist. "The instinct to care for another animal can be hormonal, or simply related to age. If they’re young, their behavior is malleable, and they’re open to just about any experience, opportunity or companion. Like humans, animals, for the most part, yearn for company."
Some interspecies parent-child relationships last for the lifetime of each animal, while some encounters last less than an hour. Of course, since the lifespan of most animals is much shorter than ours, their childhood can sometimes be measured in weeks and months, instead of years. It’s much more common for the adult animals to help do whatever it takes to bring the young one back from the brink of death, stick around for awhile to make sure the youngster can fly under his own power, and then step away so the young one can live the life that nature intended.
I wrote my new book, One Big Happy Family: Heartwarming Stories of Animals Caring for One Another, because, like many people, I was intrigued at the stories about the interspecies friendships that seemed to pop into the news every week or so. Once I started to dig a little deeper, I realized that many of the relationships were that of a parent and child, and even more amazing, several involved predator and prey, where an animal defied its natural predator instincts in encounters that would have typically resulted in injury or death. The simple truth is that the siren call of their maternal and paternal drive was stronger.
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About the author: Lisa Rogak is the author of The Dogs of War: The Courage, Love, and Loyalty of Military Working Dogs and Dogs of Courage: The Heroism and Heart of Working Dogs Around the World, and editor of the New York Times best-selling Barack Obama in His Own Words, among many other books.