|Purred: Sat May 3, '08 8:06pm PST |
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The following is the complete list of 54 causes of feline anisorcoria pasted from Cornell College of Veterinary Medicine Consultant list:
54 Possible Diagnoses
Uneveness of the pupils is called anisocoria. Anisocoria is idiopathic (meaning there is no known cause) about 70% of the time. However, in cases where a cause is found, the problem may be serious, so you should consult a vet right away.
Anisocoria is caused by something affecting the nervous system - either pressure or inflammation of the spinal column, the brain itself, or the nerves in the eye.
Some of the things that can cause this type of inflammation are serious viral illnesses, such a feline leukemia (FeLV) and feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). These are not treatable and are contagious, so diagnosis is important.
Protozoan infections like toxoplasmosis can cause anisocoria, too. This is curable with antibiotics. Don't panic because of the name - toxoplasmosis is extremely rare in humans, does not adversely affect healthy children or adults, and is only passed through handling contimated cats feces improperly. Only 2% of human toxoplasmosis cases are due to cats.
Any growth, be it a malignant tumor or a benign tumor or cyst, can create the pressure that causes neurological problems resulting in anisocoria if they are in the right spot. Removal of these often repairs the damage.
Any type of poisoning, including lead, can affect the brain and cause neurological symptoms. Most of these cases can be tested for and treated with IV fluids to flush the toxins from the body.
Horner's Syndrome is an illness which may include anisocoria as a symptom, sometimes as the only symptom. This is caused by damage to the sympathetic nerve system, the largest network of nerves in the body, running along the spinal column and up into the inner ears and eyes. This damage could've been done by physical trauma along the spine, cysts or tumors, passing viral illnesses, or by inner ear infections. Unless growths are found, Horner's Syndrome is not usually treated. It doesn't appear to cause any pain to the animal, and most cases resolve on their own within a couple months.
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